Urban Land-Use Theories - Leaving Certificate Geography

Urban Land-Use Theories - Leaving Certificate Geography

Urban LandUse Theories 6th year Geography Three key theories Burgess Hoyt Concentric Zone Sector Model Harris

and Ullman Multiple Nuclei Urban Land-Use Theories Concentric Zone Theory Burgess (1925)

Cities grow outwards from the centre in a series of rings. Concentric Zone Theory Timeframe 1920s Class conscious society Housing segregated according to income Lack of transport infrastructure

Assumptions Older buildings in city centre

Newer buildings at edge of city Land values highest in city centre Strong economic and ethnic segregation Low income groups lack transport and live close to city centre. Cities develop on a flat plain with equal access to transport

Five Concentric Zones 1) Central Business District 2) Transition and Industry low incomes oldest housing ghettos

3) Low Income Residential 4) Middle Income Residential suburban estatesgood quality, gardens 5) High Income Residential / Commuter Small towns and villages

Problems with Burgess Model Old Doesn't consider car ownership Landscape not considered Impact that industry and transport could have on land use not considered. Zones are never as clear-cut

Hoyts Sector Model 1939 Sectors radiating out from the CBD along transport routes. Sector Theory Timeframe Late 1930s Income and status divided

society Housing areas reflect social segregation Assumptions Settlement develops along transport routes

Towns radiate out from the CBD Low-income and industrial areas lie next to each other Wealthy people choose the best sites Criticisms of Hoyts Theory Old Too

In general reality, most zones contain more than one land- use Doesn't consider the impact of urban renewal schemes

Burgess v Hoyt Hoyts theory is based on statistical data, so is less open to the criticism that Burgess received. Harris and Ullmans Multiple Nuclei Theory

1945 As an urban area grows, it develops around a number of different business centres or nuclei. Multiple Nuclei Theory Assumptions; Modern cities more complex than

suggested by other theorists Each nucleus acts as a growth point Growth occurs outwards from each nucleus, until they all merge into one large urban area Multiple Nuclei Theory Mixture Shows of Burgess and Hoyt

some land-uses attract more of the same, for example industrial areas Some land-uses may deter others from locating nearby, eg; housing is usually located away from industrial areas Criticisms of Multiple Nuclei Theory

Not an exact fit for all cities and towns Too complex Are these models relevant to todays cities?? Have

Now some relevance due to urban renewal schemes and changes in society, high income residential areas often exist close to the CBD Modern cities are expanding beyond these

models- Urban Sprawl Exam Question Examine briefly one theoretical model which attempts to explain the development of land use zones in a developed world city. (30 marks)

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • NAMWA project 2008 - United Nations

    NAMWA project 2008 - United Nations

    Sjoerd Schenau and Mark de Haan Statistics Netherlands Content Climate change and the economy Climate change policy issues and SEEA SEEA applications for mitigation SEEA applications for adaptation Conclusions the DPSIR framework Increased production, transportation Increased demand for energy etc....
  • EVPP 550 Waterscape Ecology and Management

    EVPP 550 Waterscape Ecology and Management

    EVPP 550 Waterscape Ecology and Management Professor R. Christian Jones ... comparing large and small lakes Morphology of Lakes Volume Total amount of water in the lake Most easily derived from hypsographic curve Hypsographic curve: Plot of Area vs. Depth...
  • Selma Elementary School 2018 Holiday Cheer Week December

    Selma Elementary School 2018 Holiday Cheer Week December

    Pueden venir a la escuela listos para tomar una larga siesta, usen sus pijamas favoritas. . Nosotros sí! Vamos a convertir a todos nuestras abejitas amarillas en hombres y mujeres de nieve. ! Se parte del taller de Santa, disfrazandote...
  • FINANCIAL SERVICES - Birkbeck, University of London

    FINANCIAL SERVICES - Birkbeck, University of London

    FINANCIAL SERVICES LONDON'S IMPORTANCE AND REGIONAL PROFILE ... [email protected] Left messages with Admin Manager - go via Stephen Smith ... Dr Tim Miller Director of People PA Hayley Pearson - contact andy holmes Regional Head (Europe) Learning & Talent Devpt...
  • Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg

    Technische Universität Hamburg-Harburg

    Internet & Web Security Case Study 3: Web application security Dieter Gollmann Hamburg University of Technology [email protected]
  • Robust Technologies for Automated Ingestion and Long-Term Preservation

    Robust Technologies for Automated Ingestion and Long-Term Preservation

    Co-PIs: Allison Druin and Doug Oard Major Collaborators: Library of Congress, National Archives, Shoah Visual History Foundation, ICDL, SDSC, Georgia Tech, SLAC Scientific Research Objectives Development of tools and technologies for automated ingestion and management of preservation processes.
  • Integrity - Service - Excellen ce Modifications Date:

    Integrity - Service - Excellen ce Modifications Date:

    Suspension of work/stop work notices. Standard form 30, block 13D applies. Cite the appropriate contract clause as authority. Unilateral Modifications Cont. Bilateral/ Supplemental Mods. Commercial Modification (Continued) IAW 52.212-4 (c) Changes. "Changes in the terms and conditions of this ...
  • LEADERSHIP Lighthouse Beacons Shining Beams of Knowledge Department

    LEADERSHIP Lighthouse Beacons Shining Beams of Knowledge Department

    Department Leadership Chairman Diane Rousseau. ... Chain of Command. Be familiar with programs. Robert's Rules of Order. Suggestions (cont'd) Be Willing To Learn. Be Willing To Participate. Be Enthusiastic & Inspire Others. Stay Open To New Ideas.