Traffic Signs, Signals, and Road Markings

Traffic Signs, Signals, and Road Markings

1. Describe difference between a shared left-turn lane and a left turn lane. 2. Describe what actions to take with pedestrian signals and traffic control officers' signals. 3. What do you do at a flashing yellow

light and a flashing red light. Bell Ringer Traffic Signs, Signals, and Road Markings Learning Objectives State the meaning of the eight shapes and eight colors used for traffic signs. Describe the actions to take at STOP, YIELD, and speed limit signs.

List five situations where warning signs might be used. Explain what to do at a green light, yellow light, and a red light. Describe the action to take when you approach a flashing red signal or a flashing yellow signal. Describe what actions to take with pedestrian signals and traffic control officers' signals Describe difference between a

shared left-turn lane and a left turn lane. The purpose of signs Control flow of traffic Provide guidance for motorists Regulate the roadway Provide crucial information to motorists Shape and color tells the motorist something about the sign

Traffics Signals Red Light A motorist must stop before the intersection or crosswalk and remain stopped until the light changes to green. Yellow Light A motorist should stop before entering the intersection

or crosswalk, unless his/her vehicle is so close to the intersection that it cannot be stopped safely. Green Light A motorist should proceed through the intersection. Yield to pedestrians and vehicles still in the intersection and when turning left or right. Before making a left turn, yield to approaching vehicles. Traffic Signals Continued Green Arrow When shown alone or in combination

with the red signal, proceed only as shown by the arrow. Flashing Yellow Light Slow down and proceed with care. Flashing Red Light Stop. Yield to traffic and pedestrians.

Go only when safe. More Traffic Signals Unlit Signal Treat as four-way-stop Pedestrian Crossing

Orange hand- Do Not Walk White silhouette- cross with caution Countdown- remaining time to cross Three types of signs Warning- Warn motorists of hazards ahead that are difficult to see. Guidance: Guide motorists to a destination by clearly identifying the route. Regulatory: Regulate

traffic speed and movement. Warning signs- are for road conditions that need caution and for specific hazards that may be encountered during certain road operations. Diamond shaped and yellow

Warning Signs Diamond Shaped Warning Signs most are diamond shaped with yellow background and black lettering Warn of danger ahead Be prepared to slow or stop when you see a

School Sign School Zone is a portion of a street or highway near a school that is subject to special speed limits School Crossing is a intersection or crossing used by school

children Railroad Signs Railroad Crossing Sign round yellow sign with a black X

and 2 black Rs 250 ft before crossing in Urban area 750ft before crossing is rural area Crossbuck the crossing will be marked with the crossbuck and may have flashing red lights or a gate Road Work Signs

Orange, diamond-shaped signs that warn the motorist of lane closings, lane shifts, flaggers, uneven pavement and detours. Reduced speed limit signs that are posted alongside orange work zone signs. Construction Signs

An orange sign in a diamond or rectangle shape Be ready to stop, slow, or drive around workers and equipment Follow directions from signs and

workers direction traffic New Jersey increases fines for violations in construction zones Guide Signs

Local, state, and interstate routes are posted with route signs Signs vary according to the type of roadway Green signs provide information on destinations Blue signs guide you to services near the highway

Brown signs indicate a point of interest such as recreational attractions or state parks . Guidance Signs Guidance signs identify destinations and routes for motorists Motorist service signs have white letters or symbols on a blue background and provide information about motorist services.

Route Signs U.S. Route Marker Route Marker County Route Marker State Route Signs continued Interstate Route Marker An east-west route is even-numbered. A north-south route is odd-numbered.

Route Signs continued A three-figured route that starts with an odd number leads into a city. A three figured route that starts with an even number goes around a city. Regulatory Signs Regulatory signs are generally rectangular, with the longer vertical dimension, and have black wording

and borders on a white background. Examples Stop Yield Do not enter Regulatory Signs Right of way means that you accept the privilege

of immediate use of the roadway 4 way stop (all way stop) First driver stopped goes first Vehicles stopped at the same time, vehicle on right goes first Driver turning left should wait for driver going straight

Regulatory Signs Yield Sign red and white triangle Always slow or stop, and give the right of way to traffic when approaching

Can proceed without completely stopping, but always be prepared to stop Proceed without affecting the flow of traffic Regulatory Signs Speed Limit Sign used to manage traffic flow at safe speeds Speed limits are for

ideal driving conditions Minimum Speed Limits Set on expressways to keep traffic moving safely Advisory speed limits set for special conditions like sharp curves and school zones Regulatory Signs Other Signs

Turns and Lanes One way Control parking and passing Regulatory Signs Cont. Right Turn on Red This is making a right turn when the traffic signal is red. Treat light like stop sign

If no turn on red d]sign is posted. You can not make the turn Roadway Markings Gives you warning or direction. These are lines, words, or arrows painted on the roadway. Broken Yellow

Line separates two way traffic and my pass when no traffic is coming from the opposite direction Roadway Markings Solid Yellow Line indicates that passing is not allowed Turning left

across a solid line is allowed after yielding to oncoming traffic Roadway Markings Broken White lines

separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction Solid white lines keep drivers in their lanes and you should not cross them Solid white lines are also used in crosswalks and stop lines Roadway Markings

White arrows in lanes tell you when and where to turn If you are in a lane with an arrow you must continue in the direction of the arrow Roadway Markings Rumble Strips

are short sections of corrugated roadway They alert you by noise when you drive over them Also used before unexpected stops like a toll plaza Rumble Strips Transverse

and longitudinal rumble strips are small indentations or narrow, raised strips on the highway or shoulder Wake the motorist who may have dozed off or caution the motorist about the danger ahead Study your signs!!!! Pages 208, 209, & 210

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