Themes - olibelas.weebly.com

Themes - olibelas.weebly.com

Inspector revision themes and characters Themes: A Series of Conflicts Social responsibility: collectivism vs individualism Capitalism versus socialism (Priestley in favour of socialism) Conflict between: Classes (rich & poor/upper & lower) Generations (younger and older generations/past & future)

Selfishness vs generosity Feeling for your fellow humans Characters & Symbolism Goole: A ghostly presence; the voice of socialism; the views/beliefs of Priestley A voice of Christian morality (in Jesus teachings, all people are created as equals Love thy neighbour as thyself) The Birlings and Geralds past deeds coming back to haunt

Predicts what could/will happen in the future if we do not change Mr. Birling Capitalism Rugged individualism Upwards mobility (moves from upper-middle to upper class) Acquired wealth (not born into upper classes) Self interest Provides for his family, but does show love for them Fails to accept responsibility for his past actions

Fails to appreciate the past and predict the future Mrs. Birling Cold: lacks feeling/sympathy for others Embodies an older generation of women, who have not known very many rights/freedoms Cannot sympathise with her daughter Protects but is not loving towards her son Breaks with convention by correcting/reprimanding her husband Represents entrenched upper-class values Wants to preserve things as they are (e.g., Eva should know her

place; lower classes should not be impertinent) Refuses to accept responsibility for her actions Gerald Up-and-coming business man younger than Birling, but slightly older than Sheila and Eric Seems to be following in footsteps of Birling Motivated by capital/profit (engagement with Sheila = better business for Crofts and Birlings) Links with Mr. & Mrs. Birling: business man like Birling; from old country stock (i.e., like Mrs. B., he was born into privilege)

Shows pity towards Eva, but forgets the Inspectors lessons v. quickly represents the possibility of changing for the better or continuing to act selfishly Sheila Embodies hope that Priestley invests in the younger generation Symbolises the possibility of change begins very happy with life; ends by changing her attitude entirely; develops sympathy/feeling for others Represents a generation of women who will soon experience greater freedoms and rights than their mothers generation

(will Sheila become a suffragette?) Unconventional expects to be treated as an equal (attitude towards Gerald; disagrees with mothers beliefs); she breaks the engagement with Gerald; she chooses the ring Eric Has a drink problem young man, already spoiled by capitalist excess (not everyone can afford to drink champagne, port etc.) Uncomfortable with his life and family situation isolated at start of play Has natural sympathy for others and workers disagrees

with fathers decision to deny Eva & co higher wages Forces himself upon Eva when drunk corrupted by capitalist consumption Accepts responsibility for actions ashamed of himself an family changes attitudes by end of the play BREAK Themes: A Series of Conflicts Social responsibility: collectivism vs individualism Capitalism versus socialism (Priestley in favour of socialism)

Conflict between: Classes (rich & poor/upper & lower) Generations (younger and older generations/past & future) Selfishness vs generosity Feeling for your fellow humans Characters & Symbolism Goole: A ghostly presence; the voice of socialism; the views/beliefs of Priestley

A voice of Christian morality (in Jesus teachings, all people are created as equals Love thy neighbour as thyself) The Birlings and Geralds past deeds coming back to haunt Predicts what could/will happen in the future if we do not change Mr. Birling Capitalism Rugged individualism Upwards mobility (moves from upper-middle to

upper class) Acquired wealth (not born into upper classes) Self interest Provides for his family, but does show love for them Fails to accept responsibility for his past actions Fails to appreciate the past and predict the future Mrs. Birling Cold: lacks feeling/sympathy for others Embodies an older generation of women, who have not known very many rights/freedoms Cannot sympathise with her daughter

Protects but is not loving towards her son Breaks with convention by correcting/reprimanding her husband Represents entrenched upper-class values Wants to preserve things as they are (e.g., Eva should know her place; lower classes should not be impertinent) Refuses to accept responsibility for her actions Gerald Up-and-coming business man younger than Birling, but slightly older than Sheila and Eric Seems to be following in footsteps of Birling

Motivated by capital/profit (engagement with Sheila = better business for Crofts and Birlings) Links with Mr. & Mrs. Birling: business man like Birling; from old country stock (i.e., like Mrs. B., he was born into privilege) Shows pity towards Eva, but forgets the Inspectors lessons v. quickly represents the possibility of changing for the better or continuing to act selfishly Sheila Embodies hope that Priestley invests in the younger generation

Symbolises the possibility of change begins very happy with life; ends by changing her attitude entirely; develops sympathy/feeling for others Represents a generation of women who will soon experience greater freedoms and rights than their mothers generation (will Sheila become a suffragette?) Unconventional expects to be treated as an equal (attitude towards Gerald; disagrees with mothers beliefs); she breaks the engagement with Gerald; she chooses the ring Eric Has a drink problem young man, already spoiled by

capitalist excess (not everyone can afford to drink champagne, port etc.) Uncomfortable with his life and family situation isolated at start of play Has natural sympathy for others and workers disagrees with fathers decision to deny Eva & co higher wages Forces himself upon Eva when drunk corrupted by capitalist consumption Accepts responsibility for actions ashamed of himself an family changes attitudes by end of the play Write 1 paragraph, summarizing how

characters loyalties and partnerships change over the course of the play. Key Quotes/structural points Goole Name ghoul/ghost; haunts Birlings. Wont show photo(s) to more than one person at a time. But does this matter? This young woman, Eva Smith, was a bit out of the ordinary (12). We might say this of everyone; every person is unique. I dont like that tone (15; Birling to Goole): Not

intimidated/impressed by class/status. We have something to share well have to share our guilt. (29) One Eva Smith has gone but there are millions and millions and millions of Eva Smiths and John Smiths all intertwined with our lives We are members of one body. (56) People who dont change their ways will be taught in fire and blood and anguish (56) Mr. Birling Opening stage direction Page 4: Family or business first? Pages 6-7: Two long speeches; which sections are most

useful? Page 8: Honours list; Geralds mother importance? Page 10: individualism vs collectivism Pages 14-15: capitalist self interest. Sheila Opening stage direction Page 3: dutiful wife, following her husbands lead? 23: Individualism/collectivism? Responsibility? 24: Motivation for her actions? 34: Attitude towards men? 40: Change in attitude towards Gerald after truth is revealed?

41: How has Sheilas attitude changed, mid-way in the play? 71: How has Sheila changed? What concerns her most? Gerald P. 3: Despite outward confidence, seeks reassurance from Sheila. P. 4: Seems to share Birlings values? 27: Does Gerald want to protect Sheilas feelings? P. 35: Like Goole, Gerald thinks theres something different about Eva? Pp.36-37: Geralds motivation for helping Eva/Daisy? P. 39: Gerald beginning to share the guilt? P. 40: How does revealing the truth affect Gerald and Sheilas relationship?

P. 63: Does Gerald still want to share responsibility or guilt? Mrs. Birling P.1: Description in opening stage direction P.3: Expectations of/attitude towards marriage P.2, p.4: Authority/power/status over husband P.31: Authority figure she is a matriarchal figure

Attempts to use status to intimidate P. 38: Mrs. Bs authority over her daughter slipping away P. 43: Mrs. B things the people especially lower classes should know their place P. 44: Mrs. B shows no signs of regret or of shared guilt Pp. 47-48: Mrs. Bs self-interestedness leads her to judge her son; Sheila has worked out the links in the chain, but her mother has not. P. 63: Towards end of play, Mrs. B resumes (takes back) her position of authority Eric: Eric absent for middle section of the play when Sheila changes and then central to the final act

P. 2: Stage direction P. 3: Isolated from his family/unsure of himself P. 4, p.6: Conflict with father/questions his fathers decisions Pp. 14-15, 58: Questions fathers individualism & his actions P.51: Erics words suggest that Eva/Daisy was not yet a prostitute so not yet fully

corrupted by social inequality P. 52: Eric admits his selfish actions; symbolic of corruptive power of capitalism/wealth 53: Eric steals money from wealthy father symbolic of socialist values of sharing wealth amongst all people

P. 55: Eric passes judgement back to his mother; family on brink of collapse P. 57: Eric ashamed of his family and their values P. 64: Eric and Sheila changed; they are closer/united, but now more distant from their parents & Gerald (Priestleys belief that hope lies with the younger generation) Inspector mock, Wednesday after half-term break 2 pages, answering the following question: - Concentrate on detailed quotations & analysis. - Dont retell the story - Try to offer at least two interpretations of each

quotation: The audience might interpret these words as meaning that... However, an alternative reading would be...

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