The Virgin of Guadalupe: Symbol of Conquest or Liberation?

The Virgin of Guadalupe: Symbol of Conquest or Liberation?

The Virgin of Guadalupe: Symbol of Conquest or Liberation? Article by Jeanette Peterson, Ph.D. in Latin American art history from UCLA, Associate Professor of Art History, UC Santa Barbara and author of The Paradise Garden Murals of Malinalco: Utopia and Imperial Policy in Sixteenth-century Mexico

Virgin of Guadalupe, 16th century, oil and tempera (?) on maguey cactus cloth and cotton, 69 x 41 inches, Basilica of Guadalupe, Mexico City Samuel Stradanus, Indulgence for Alms toward the Erection of a

Church Dedicated to the Virgin of Guadalupe, ca. 1615-20, copper engraving, c.13 x 8 inches, Metropolitan MA, NYC Ex votos represent miracles performed by the Virgin on behalf

of the creole white ruling class Yolanda Lopez, Self-Portrait as a Jogger with Symbols of Guadalupe, 1978, oil and pastel on paper, 26 x 22

inches Eyeing the Other The Indigenous Response 16th-18th Centuries From Gauvin Bailey, Art of Colonial Latin America, 2005

Juan Baptiste Cuiris, Feather Picture of the Virgin Mary, Mexico, Michoacn (Ptzcuaro) c. 1550/80, hummingbird and parrot feathers on paper, wood; signed

Aztec feather shield, pre-Conquest, detail Shows gold work, Vienna (left) The Miraculous Mass of Saint Gregory, Mexico City, 1539, feather on wood, 26 x 22 Commissioned by the first colonial governor of Tenochtitlan as a gift for Pope Paul III (center) Giovani Pietro Birago, Mass of Saint Gregory, painting, Milan, Italy, c. 1490 ,

typical source for feather painting (corner right) Pre-Conquest Aztec feathered shield, c. 1500 CE Anonymous Nahua muralists, The Garden of Paradise, mid-16th century, Augustinian mission church of San Salvador, Malinalco, Mexico; compare (right) artistic restoration of Teotihuacan mural detail, Garden of Paradise (Tlaloc Rain God), c. 600 AD

Faade of Santiago (Church of Saint James), Angahuan, Michoacn, Mexico, 16th century. Decorative carving has a probable source in Spanish and Flemish pattern books [planimetricism] but also Zapotec (right) stone mosaic, Mitla, Late Post Classic (750-1521 CE)

Tequitqui (Aztec colonial hybrid) style (deep carving, rounded edges, flatness; tequitqui subject, Aztec eagle Tequitqui implies a racial connection, and that the artists were fullblooded Nahua, which was not always the case. Left: Aztec Eagle Warrior, foundation date stone, mission church, Tecamachalco, Puebla, Mexico, 1589-90 shows date in Arabic numerals and Nahua glyphs Right: Upright drum, Aztec, pre-Conquest, c.1500, wood

The Franciscans arrived in Tecamachalco, in the eastern Mexico state of Puebla, in 1541 Juan Gerson, Noahs Ark, and (right) Apocalypse, pigment on traditional brown amate (bark) paper, 1562, two of 28 images pasted to the walls of the church of Tecamachalco, (now near Puebla) Mexico How is this a syncretic work?

Vaulting with paintings by Juan Gersn, 1562; in the Franciscan church at Tecamachalco, Puebla, Mexico. Spanish Baroque, western faade of Cathedral at Santiago de Compostela, Spain faade begun in 1715 and completed mid-19th century (right) Cathedral of Mexico City, 1572-1813

Mestizo faade of the church of Santiago, Arequipa, Peru, 1698; detail right compare (below left) Gate of the Sun, Tiahuanaco, Bolivia, 500-700 AD acculturation theory

Mestizo faade of the church of Santiago, Arequipa, Peru, 1698; detail right compare, below left, Inca period woven tunic, c. 1476-1534 Compare (right) the church of Santiago, Arequipa, Peru, 1698, with (left) Leon Battista Alberti, Sant Andrea, Mantua, Italy, designed 1470 CE, Italian Renaissance derived from antique Roman triumphal arch (below center)

Forum of Rome, Arch of Septimius Severus, 203 CE, Archangel with Gun, Circle of the Master of Calamarca, late 17th century, oil on cotton, 18 in H, Cuzco School (Peru, Bolivia and Equador). New Orleans Museum of Art

Do such images renew, translate or appropriate Catholic iconography? (left) Angel with a Harquebus by the Master of Calamarca,one of a series of 35 anonymous paintings for a Catholic mission (Santiago Parrish) in Calamarca, Bolivia, c.1684. Oil on canvas, 63 X 46

The angels are androgynous Virgin of Carmel Saving Souls in Purgatory, Circle of Diego Quispe Tito, Cuzco School, 17th century, collection of the Brooklyn Museum,

New York. Beginning in the 16th century decades after the conquest of the Inca empire, Cuzco (Inca capital) was considered the first artistic center that systematically taught

European artistic techniques in the Americas (left), Luis Nio (active 1716-1758), Our Lady of the Victory of Mlaga, 59 x 43 in, 1730s, Potosi, Peru. oil on canvas with gold stamping, Denver Museum. The new moon and vertical stripes on the skirt refer to the Inca tumi ceremonial knife and a pin worn by

an Inca princess, pearls and flowers at feet may allude to Andean ritual offerings, Red feathered wings on angelic musicians is also Inca; red feathers were worn by nobility. details Inca tumi

The Virgin Mary of the Cerro Rico of Potosi, 18th century, 53 x 41in, Casa Nacional de Moneda, Potosi, What are the Andean references? Cero Rico is the mountain that yielded enormous wealth for the Spanish. By 1600 Potos was the largest metropolis in the Americas and a mercantile power of international renown.

Does the ancient Andean practice of human sacrifice have some bearing on this early17th-century Peruvian polychrome wood sculpture of the child Jesus as a dark-haired child wearing a red tunic and gravely presenting a human heart in his right hand while holding half a heart in his left? Church of San Pedro, Lima, Peru

(right) Pre-Columbian Inca Tunic, alpaca, c.1400-1532 AD. (left) 16th to early 17th century Andean womans tunic, cotton and wool. Blend of European organic motifs with Andean geometrics. Communicated indigenous history and social rank. How were colonial Andean tunics potentially subversive? Francisco Tito Yupanqui (Andean), Our Lady of Copacabana (the Dark Virgin), 1583,

Bolivia, plaster and fiber from the maguey plant, gold leaf, the garments reproduce the colors and dress of an Inca princess. The original shape is permanently hidden by rich robes and cloaks, and the carved hair has been covered by a wig. The image of the Virgin measures over four feet with the features of the inhabitants of the region. Powerful Catholic cults were generated by native Andeans.

Colonial Andean Kero, late 17th-18th century, wood and pigment inlay 8 in. How could a kero be subversive? (right) Pre-conquest Kero, A.D. 1000-1200, Moquegua, Peru. Batea (flat wooden tray), 17th century, inlaid lacquer, wood, 49 inches Michoacn and Guerrero, Asian influence

Mexican lacquered gourd Manuel de la Cerda, Japanned writing desk, c. 1760, lacquered and painted wood 61 high, Japanese lacquer, The Hispanic Society of America, NYC

Recently Viewed Presentations

  • Incertitudes lors dun dosage acide base Protocole:  25

    Incertitudes lors dun dosage acide base Protocole: 25

    d'un dosage acide base Estimation de l'incertitude-type Dans ce cas, il n'y a pas possibilité de répétabilité. Les mesures ne sont faites une seule fois. Nous sommes en présence d'incertitudes de type B. Seule une estimation de l'incertitude-type peut-être faite...
  • Similitude Analysis - NPTEL

    Similitude Analysis - NPTEL

    Gas-Turbine Combustor Efficiency: If scale model is run with same fuel, at same inlet temperature (Tu) & same mixture ratio (F) as prototype, nondimensional parameters will be same if: PARTIAL MODELING OF CHEMICALLY REACTING SYSTEMS * Gas-Turbine Combustor Efficiency: Is...
  • CONOPS Elements - Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition ...

    CONOPS Elements - Under Secretary of Defense for Acquisition ...

    The President or Secretary of Defense can "declare" a contingency: Can be declared by the SecDef when members of the armed forces become involved in military actions against an enemy Can be declared by the President or the Congress when...
  • 2016 Poll Worker Training: Processing Voters Provided by

    2016 Poll Worker Training: Processing Voters Provided by

    Processing Voters for March Primary Election. Primary & Runoff Elections. March Primary Election. Ask . the . voter . which . party . primary he/she wishes to vote in. Don't ask which party he/she belongs to, etc. Mark. the ....
  • Ivan ilych - Salem State University

    Ivan ilych - Salem State University

    QUESTION 1 ANSWER. HIS FAMILY SAW HIM AS THE PRIDE OF THE FAMILY: "Ivan Lynch was le phenix de famille as people said. He was neither as cold and formal as his elder brother, nor as wild as the younger,...
  • ISLAM - Saint Barnabas High School

    ISLAM - Saint Barnabas High School

    The Accountability—The Hereafter. It is the duty of each person to work out his or her own destiny, each person is responsible for his/her actions. ISLAM. The Articles of Faith. Messengers of God—Prophets. Ishmael forefather of Arab people. Muslims believe...
  • Introduction to Chromatography Definition Chromatography is a separation

    Introduction to Chromatography Definition Chromatography is a separation

    Introduction to Chromatography Definition Chromatography is a separation technique based on the different interactions of compounds with two phases, a mobile phase and a stationary phase, as the compounds travel through a supporting medium.
  • Protein Denaturation - Pennsylvania State University

    Protein Denaturation - Pennsylvania State University

    Protein Denaturation FDSC400 Goals Denaturation Balance of forces Consequences of denaturation Effect of Temperature on Rate of Enzyme Action Denaturation Denaturation is a phenomenon that involves transformation of a well-defined, folded structure of a protein, formed under physiological conditions, to...