The Crucible

The Crucible

THE CRUCIBLE UNIT TEST REVIEW ACT I * In the opening scene of the play, Reverend Parris is praying and weeping because his

His daughter Betty is sick. His niece Abigail has been involved in suspicious activities in the woods. The town is infected with witchcraft. When Abigail tells John of her love for him, John responds by

John tells her that their affair is over. Why did Mrs. Putnam send her 8 year-old daughter Ruth to see Tituba? She wanted to find out if evil spirits killed her children.

What is Rebecca Nurses opinion of Betty Parriss illness? She believes that it is a childish phase that will soon pass. Why is Mrs. Putnam quickly convinced that

Sarah Osburn is a witch? Sarah Osburn was the midwife present at some of the births of Anns children. Many of Giles Coreys neighbors dislike him because of his fondness for _____.

Unjustified lawsuits Rev. Hale sternly warns the Salem citizens that they must be prepared to accept that There is no witchcraft in their town.

Rev. Parris openly criticizes John Proctor for He has not attended church regularly. *Abigail responds to the witchcraft rumors by Accusing others, threatening the younger

girls, and confessing her sins *What are the motives for the confessions at the end of Act One? To ensure their own survival and to obtain revenge on others

ACT II *During John and Elizabeth Proctors conversation, the audience learns that

Elizabeth may still be angry at John.

John is angry that Elizabeth still does not trust him. Elizabeth is now intimidated by their servant Mary. She wants John to go and testify against Abigail. John knows the truth of Bettys illness. Many people have been accused of witchcraft. *Mary Warren, their servant, returns from court and tells them

Elizabeth has been accused of witchcraft. She has made a poppet (doll) for Elizabeth. She will need to be in court each day. 39 people have been arrested Sarah Osburn will be hanged Elizabeth realizes that

Abigail wants to kill her and marry John. *Rev. Hale is kind toward the Proctors, but he is greatly disturbed when he learns that John Has not attended church regularly

Only 2 of his 3 sons have been baptized He only knows 9 of the 10 commandments John tells Rev. Hale that he He had to take care of his wife. He dislikes Rev. Parriss stern preaching and

obsession with money. Giles Corey and Francis Nurse bring what news? Their wives have been arrested.

Abigail claims that Elizabeth is Torturing her by stabbing the poppet (doll) Ezekiel Cheever arrives to arrest Elizabeth Proctor

Elizabeth calls _____ a murderer. Abigail Williams John compares _____ to Pontius Pilate.

Rev. Hale ACT III Martha Corey says that she does not know what a witch is, but the judge asks her,

How do you know then that you are NOT a witch? Judge Danforth says that _____ have been accused and _____ have been condemned. Over 400

71 There are _____ names on the petition defending Nurse, Corey, and Proctor. 91 *Giles Corey makes which statements in

court? He did not mean to accuse his wife of witchcraft, only of reading too much. He wrote the petition to free the three recently accused. He accuses Thomas Putnam of getting his young daughter to accuse people in order to

obtain their land. *Mary Warren tries to Tell the truth She is herself accused of witchcraft She accuses John Proctor of witchcraft

John Proctor admits to the court that He had committed adultery with Abigail Williams. Rev. Hale becomes convinced that the

witchcraft accusations are_____, and he _____. False; leaves the court *John Proctor is shocked when his wife Elizabeth

She lied to protect him. She would not judge him. She is pregnant with their fourth child. Judge Danforth orders the arrest of _____.

John Proctor John Proctor calls _____ a _____. Abigail Williams; whore ACT IV

In Act IV, Rev. Hale tries to convince which innocent person to confess and avoid hanging? Rebecca Nurse John Proctor

Abigail Williams and _____ have stolen Rev. Parriss money and left town. Mercy Lewis *Rev. Parris tells Judge Danforth that He feels threatened because a dagger was at

his door. He tries to postpone the executions. He reports rumors of a rebellion. 19 prisoners are hanged; one, _____, is _____to death instead. Giles Corey; pressed

Elizabeth Proctor is protected for the time being because of her pregnancy Despite several appeals, Judge Danforth refuses to

Postpone the executions. Judge Hathorne rejoices and calls it a blessing when _____ agrees to _____. John Proctor; confess himself as a witch. John admires _____ and _____ for their refusal to confess.

Rebecca Nurse; Martha & Giles Corey When John tells Elizabeth that he is tempted to _____, she tells him that she cannot _____. Confess; judge him.

Though John Proctor is willing to _____, he is unwilling to _____. Confess; give up his reputation; accuse others ALLEGORYsymbolism present through an

entire work The Crucible was written as a protest against Senator McCarthys persecution of supposed Communists in the 1950s. ALLITERATIONrepetition of initial consonant sounds

We are what we always were in Salem, but now the little crazy children are jangling the keys of the kingdom ALLUSIONreference that the author expects readers to know Pontius Pilate! God will not let you wash

your hands of this! Now remember what the angel Raphael said to the boy Tobias. Remember it. I hear the boot of Lucifer, I see his filthy faceand it is my face, and yours, Danforth! DIALECTuse of regional speech

All of Titubas lines in this play are examples of dialect. FORESHADOWINGclues or hints about the future [Dr. Griggs] bid me tell you, that you might look to unnatural things for the cause of it.

There is prodigious danger in the seeking of loose spirits. I fear it, I fear it. Let you fear nothing! Another judgment waits us all! HYPERBOLEuse of exaggeration to make a point

I have seen [all my children and grandchildren] through their silly seasons, and when it come on them they will run the Devil bowlegged keeping up with their mischief. This farms a continent when you go foot by foot droppin seeds into it. I should hang ten thousand that dared to rise

against the law, and an ocean of tears could not melt the resolution of the statutes. IMAGERYuse of one or more of the 5 senses to create a mental picture Lilacs have a purple smellthe smell of nightfallMassachusetts is a beauty in the

spring. Excellency, abandoned cattle bellow on the highroads, the stink of rotting crops hangs everywherebetter you should wonder how they do not burn your province! IRONYthe opposite of what is expected

When questioned by Rev. Hale, John Proctor forgets the one commandment he should remember the best. His wife Elizabeth gently reminds him, Adultery, John. Judge Danforth tells John, I have until this moment not the slightest reason to suspect the children may be deceiving me. John Proctor declares his wifes unfailing honesty:

There are them that cannot sing, and them that cannot weepmy wife cannot lie. However, Elizabeth does lie. She covers up Johns sin by committing one herself. METAPHORcomparison of 2 unlike things that does NOT use like or as

Theology, sir, is a fortress; no crack in a fortress may be accounted small. I have known her, sirmy dear good wife took this girl soon after, sir, and put her out on the highroadand being what she is, a lump of vanity, sirshe thinks to dance with

me on my wifes grave! ONOMATOPOEIAwords whose sound suggest their meaning I heard a screeching and gibberish coming from [Titubas] mouth! So many time, Mr. Proctor, [Goody Osburn]

come to this very door, beggin bread and a cup of ciderand mark this: whenever I turned her away empty, she mumbled. PERSONIFICATIONgiving human traits to non-human objects or ideas Ill tell you whats walking Salemvengeance

is walking Salem! Common vengeance writes the law! Do you know, Mr. Proctor, that the entire contention of the state in these trials is that the voice of Heaven is speaking through the children? Shall the dust praise him? Shall the worms

declare his truth? SIMILEcomparison of 2 unlike things using like or as I saw [Tituba]swaying like a dumb beast over that fire! Is the accuser always holy now? Were they

born this morning as clean as Gods fingers? Mr. ProctorI beg you be clear, open as the sky, and honest. I came into this village like a bridegroom to his beloved SYMBOLobject that represents both itself

and a larger concept The poppet (doll)was used both in The Crucible and in the actual Salem Witch Trials as a symbol of witchcraft. The so-called witches were accused of sticking pins in the poppets in order to harm their human victims through the use of voodoo.

SYNECDOCHEuse of a part to represent the whole You are the high court; your word is good enough! LITERARY THEORIES

According to Dr. Christopher Bookers 7 Basic Plots Theory, The Crucible can be labeled as a Rebirth tale. According to Dr. Thomas Fosters How to Read Literature Like a Professor, the character of Rebecca Nurse is a Christ figure.

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