SIOP: Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol Dr. Kelly Bikle Winter 2008 Our objectives To learn about the SIOP as an effective planning tool for educating ELLs To think about the elements of the SIOP in relation to our particular planning needs To gather an array of teaching strategies that are effective for working with ELLs
To provide enough information to get you started as a teacher for ELLs, AND to encourage you to continue growing as a professional educator What is the SIOP? A planning tool and observation protocol representing an effort to define, develop and test a model for sheltered instruction (SDAIE) Research-based Designed as an observation instrument Adapted as a lesson planning tool Teacher-researchers involved in all
phases!!!! SIOP: An Integrated Approach Instructional methods integrate language and content Focus on identifying, explicitly teaching, and providing opportunities to use the language necessary to access, to fully participate in and to be successful with the curriculum Language instruction occurs within content instruction--not as an add-on
Sheltered Instruction Observation Protocol Components Preparation Building Background Comprehensible Input
Strategies Interaction Practice/Application Effective lesson delivery Lesson review/Assessment Preparation Clearly defined content objectives Clearly defined language objectives ***** Content concepts appropriate for age and educational level of students Supplementary materials used to a high degree Adaptation of content to all levels of student
proficiency Meaningful activities that integrate lesson concepts with opportunities to use language Activity: Think, Write, Share --Review reading from today (use your book). --Take notes on important points. --Talk with your tablemates. Take notes on what each person says. Activity: Language Demands What are the language demands in this
lesson in each of the four domains? Reading * * Writing * * Speaking * *
Listening * * Thinking about objectives Learning objectives (goals, outcomes) Language objectives CAELD/TESOL Standards Content Language Demands
Student Needs/ Language Proficiency Possible language objectives Language Objectives Ask yourself, Based on the language demands of the particular lesson, my students needs, and the larger goals (unit plan, district goals, standards, etc.), what do I want students to be able to do at the end of the lesson?
Write objectives that have measurable outcomes, and are specific to the language you would like to see your students demonstrating in one or more of the four domains. Activity: From Lg. Demands to Lg. Objectives If you were going to ask a university-level ELL to do this activity, what might you focus on and how might you support work toward that objective? With a partner, select a language demand, write an objective and brainstorm ideas for how you might support the objective.
Comprehensible Input and Language Demands Speech appropriate for proficiency level Clear explanation of academic tasks A variety of techniques use to make content concepts clear Language Demands An analysis for language demands tells you what students will need to do with language in order to be success with the lesson/task. What else can you use language demands for?
Design mini-lessons around specific language skills (anything from pronunciation to skills to enter a conversation) Know the challenges that students face and be ready to support students in the areas that are of particular struggle (and note commonalities to use for future planning) Adjust instruction to support students in the areas you anticipate will be challenging Adjust assessments accordingly--take the language demands into account when
you look at student products. Todays strategies Sharing objectives Think-Write-Share
Graphic organizer for note-taking Visual representation of information Moving from own experience to more abstract Structured reading response 3-2-1 Activity 3-2-1 3 things you found interesting (use phrases): 1. _______ 2. _______ 3. _______ 2 things that are new to you: 1. _______
2. _______ 1 thing you would like to know more about: 1. _______
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