Understanding Active Directory Christopher Chapman | MCT Content

Understanding Active Directory Christopher Chapman | MCT Content

Understanding Active Directory Christopher Chapman | MCT Content PM, Microsoft Learning, PDG Planning , Microsoft Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services (AD LDS) Microsof t Virtual Click toAcadem edit Masterysubtitle style Module Overview

AD LDS Overview Implementing and Administering AD LDS Implementing AD LDS Replication Comparing AD DS and AD LDS Lesson 1: AD LDS Overview How AD LDS Works AD LDS Administration Tools What Is the AD LDS Schema? Demonstration: Installing AD LDS How AD LDS Works AD AD LDS LDS is is aa hierarchical hierarchical file-based file-based directory

directory store store Uses Uses the the Extensible Extensible Storage Storage Engine Engine (ESE) (ESE) for for file file storage storage ESE AD AD LDS

LDS can can be be accessed accessed via via LDAP LDAP The The store store is is organized organized into into three three partitions partitions types: types: Configuration

Configuration Schema Schema Application Application AD LDS Administration Tools Tool Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services Wizard ADSIEdit Usage Create a new instance of AD LDS Create a new replica of an AD LDS instance Modifying data Viewing data Creating application partition instances

LDP Modifying data Viewing data Ldifde or Csvde Importing and exporting data Dsacls View or set permissions AdamSync Used to synchronize an instance of AD DS to AD LDS ADSchemaAnalyzer

Used in migrating the Active Directory schema to ADAM What Is the AD LDS Schema? AD AD LDS LDS Schema Schema defines defines the the types types of of objects objects and and data data that that can can be

be created created and and stored stored in in an an AD AD LDS LDS instance instance using using object object classes classes and and attributes attributes Schema Partition Application Partition

Definition Definition for for an an automobile automobile object object class class Directory Directory objects objects based based on on the the automobile

automobile object object class class Definition Definition for for aa user user object object class class Directory Directory objects objects based based on on the

the user user object class object class Demonstration: Installing AD LDS In this demonstration, you will see how to install Active Directory Lightweight Directory Services Lesson 2: Implementing and Administering AD LDS What Is an AD LDS Instance? What Is an AD LDS Application Partition? Demonstration: Configuring AD LDS Instances and Application Partitions AD LDS Users and Groups

How Does Access Control Work in AD LDS? What Is an AD LDS Instance? An An AD AD LDS LDS Instance Instance is is a a running running copy copy of of AD AD LDS LDS service service that that contains contains is

is own own communication communication interface interface and and directory directory store store A Single AD LDS Instance Directory Service Interfaces (LDAP, replication) Client Directory Data Store

(Adamntds.nit) The directory store has its own copy of the three partitions What Is an AD LDS Application Partition? The The AD AD LDS LDS application application partition partition holds holds the the data data that that is is used used by by the

the application application A Single AD LDS Instance Application partition 1 Configuration partition Schema partition Multiple application directory partitions can be created in each LDS instance; however each partition would share a single set of configuration and schema partitions Demonstration: Configuring AD LDS Instances and Application Partitions In this demonstration, you will see how to configure

an AD LDS instance on a computer that is already running one instance AD LDS Users and Groups AD LDS provides four default, role-based groups stored in the roles container of the appropriate partitions Role Administrators Readers Users Instances Default Members Configuration partition: AD LDS administrators that

are assigned during AD LDS setup Application partitions: The Administrators group from the configuration partition None Configuration partition: Transitively, all AD LDS users Application partitions: Transitively, all AD LDS users that are created in the partition Configuration partition: All instances Default Access Full access to all partitions Read access to the partition None

How Does Access Control Work in AD LDS? AD LDS Access Control: Authenticates the identity of users requesting access to the 1 1 directory, allowing only successfully authenticated users into the directory Uses security descriptors, called access control lists (ACLs), on 2 2 directory objects to determine which objects an authenticated user can access Lesson 3: Implementing AD LDS Replication How AD LDS Replication Works Why Implement AD LDS Replication? How AD LDS Replication Works

AD LDS uses multimaster replication: All instances are writable Changes on one instance are replicated to the other instances AD LDS servers replicate changes to all servers Client adds User 2 on Server 1 Client modifies User 1 display name on Server 2 Server 2 Server 1

Server 3 Why Implement AD LDS Replication? Why implement AD LDS Replication? High availability Load balancing Geographic limitations Lesson 4: Comparing AD DS and AD LDS Similarities between AD DS and AD LDS Differences between AD DS and AD LDS Integrating AD DS and AD LDS Similarities Between AD DS and AD LDS Similarities between AD DS and AD

LDS: Support LDAP connections Use multimaster replication Support delegated administration Use Extensible Storage Engine for the database store Differences Between AD DS and AD LDS Features AD LDS Capable of multiple instances running on one server X Runs on nondomain controllers

X Does not require DNS infrastructure X AD DS Group policy X Global Catalog functions X Kerberos V5 Protocol authentication X

Full-featured administrator tools X Automatic failover of services X Integrating AD DS and AD LDS To integrate AD DS and AD LDS: 1 1 Prepare the schema for synchronization 2 2 Prepare the configuration for AdamSync 3 3 Run AdamSync

Module Review and Takeaways Review Questions Summary of AD LDS Thanks for Watching! 2013 Microsoft Corporation. All rights reserved. Microsoft, Windows, Office, Azure, System Center, Dynamics and other product names are or may be registered trademarks and/or trademarks in the U.S. and/or other countries. The information herein is for informational purposes only and represents the current view of Microsoft Corporation as of the date of this presentation. Because Microsoft must respond to changing market conditions, it should not be interpreted to be a commitment on the part of Microsoft, and Microsoft cannot guarantee the accuracy of any information provided after the date of this presentation. MICROSOFT MAKES NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY, AS TO THE INFORMATION IN THIS PRESENTATION.

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