Module B - Madiganda's Musings

Module B - Madiganda's Musings

Blitzing Module B Getting It Right! YOUR TURN What is Module B about? What is its focus? What does the syllabus focus on? This module requires students to engage with and

develop an informed personal understanding of their prescribed text. Through critical analysis and evaluation of its language, content and construction, students will develop an appreciation of the textual integrity of their prescribed text. They refine their own understanding and interpretations of the prescribed text and critically consider these in the light of the perspectives of others. Students explore how context influences their own and others responses to the text and how the text has been received and valued. (Reread English Stage 6 Syllabus, p 52.)

What does this mean? This critical study tests your understanding of textual analysis, and how texts work. It seeks to flush out independent critical thought from students rather than merely re-expressing the ideas of your teachers and other writers you may read concerning the prescribed texts. You cannot merely regurgitate what everyone is saying about the text. You need to make up your own mind about what the text means and what it implies.

The Frames Your personal response to the text Your detailed analysis of the texts language, content and construction

Subjective Cultural Structural Critical Contextual information: responders and

composers How the text has been received since its composition SOURCE: Visual Arts Stage 6 Syllabus What is textual Integrity? Textual integrity is achieved when all

components of the text style, characterisation, form, language, etc - combine to form a cohesive whole. The Board of Studies defines textual integrity as the unity of a text; its coherent use of form and language to produce an integrated whole in terms of meaning and value. Thus, you will have to demonstrate how your text displays a unity of form and language to produce meaning and value over a wide range of contexts, including your own. examples

The plot, characters and language in Hamlet all work to reinforce the theme of decay and corruption. The gothic atmosphere of Moor House is integral to understanding the plot and character motivations in Jane Eyre. The importance of Context Students need to acknowledge that different people read texts differently and that these differences arise from variations in world view. World view is a useful idea. It means exactly

what it sounds like: its how someone sees the world. This is influenced by historical, social and cultural context. Think about how your text was received in its original context and how that is similar to, or different from, how it is read now. YOUR TURN What is the context of your prescribed text? What do you know about the

composer and his/ her era? Example 1: The idea of the Divine Right of Kings was very popular in Europe during Shakespeares time. This notion, that kings rule because God wants them to, could be one of the reasons that Hamlet hesitates to kill his uncle. To a modern audience this makes less sense (living as we do after the French and Russian revolutions) so we look for answers in Hamlets character or in

his personal ethical code. Example 2: If your text is a more recent one, such as Cloud Street, it might be useful to think about different communities within our modern society. Examine the significance of the house in the novel for an Aboriginal Australian who was a member of the Stolen Generation or what the novel might mean to someone who is unfamiliar with that aspect of Australian history.

What this means for us Students need to: Know their text(s) very well Including Context Character analysis Themes & issues explored in the text(s) and how these are developed Structural techniques specific to medium and/or composer Language/ visual/ filmic/ dramatic techniques

used and how they help construct meaning Students need to: Have researched the composers life and what has influenced his/her attitudes and intensions relating to the text. Have researched other contextual influences which may be relevant to understanding the text (eg. Social mores or values, political situations, contemporary issues etc) Personally consider how & to what extent they believe these factors have shaped the

texts audience, purpose, content and construction Students need to: Have researched the reception of the text both in its own time and since Have read and considered various critical readings and views on the text in order to expand and test their own personal viewpoint Personally consider how & to what extent they believe these factors have shaped contemporary views on the value of this text,

as well as influenced their own developing viewpoint. WHAT THE MARKERS SAID. (IN 2010 - TAKEN OFF THE BOARD OF STUDIES WEBSITE) In stronger responses, candidates carefully considered arguments and thoughtfully selected, detailed textual references to support a perceptive thesis. Insightful responses demonstrated a strong sense of personal engagement which was developed through an evaluation of a variety of interpretations. Very few

responses simply relied on interpretations of others and readings. critical and personal sustained cohesive argument detailed and perceptive analysis perceptive analysis Weaker responses tended to be descriptive and made limited reference to the language and ideas of the text. They lacked development and did not sustain a coherent and detailed argument. These

responses also reflected a limited understanding of the demands of the question. Straight from a marker to access the top band students don't need to write a lot - 5 pages is enough to get an A (about 700-900 words) it's not necessary to include critics BUT the stronger ones do as they engage genuinely with the critics' view and articulate their own position in relation to it don't need a lot of quotes 6-8 good ones

(even one word quotes) can be enough for a band 6 the emphasis should be on the argument and the engagement with the ideas in the essay question - a conceptual discussion is best (not thematic, plot or character driven) as always - a highly literate and well structured response is necessary for a band 6 English is about thinking and NOT about regurgitating ...

Avoid!!! 'No, Hamlet is not about Struggle and Disillusionment. Here is my prepared response instead blah, blah, blah'. This is the WORST possible approach to the HSC exam - they're putting ideas out there for you to think about and write about. You MUST develop an argument that responds DIRECTLY to the essay question. If you don't, you'll get a big fat 'D'. Engage DIRECTLY with the essay

question!! You need to formulate your thesis around the essay question Develop the ideas in the essay question. DO NOT simply repeat the key words - loss and alienation Better to develop the ideas: e.g. A loss of innocence for individuals as a consequence of social and spiritual unrest leads to the social and spiritual alienation. Understanding a question-Hamlet The dramatic portrayal of loss and alienation in Shakespeares Hamlet

gives the play its enduring quality. To what extent does your interpretation of Hamlet reflect this point of view? In your response, make detailed reference to the play. dramatic = identify, exemplify & discuss the dramatic and language techniques used Loss and alienation= how are these themes represented/ explored in the play enduring quality = do you think these themes have given the play a enduring quality? To what extent does your interpretation = discuss your personal response to the play and the extent to which youd agree/ disagree

reflect the point of view given Detailed reference = refer to specific scenes, give quotes, discuss dramatic & language techniques in depth. Does this sound like you? Shakespeares Hamlet is full of universal themes that can be understood by all people from any walks of life. The dramatic portrayal of loss and alienation allows the play to endure over time and place because of its universal

significance. This is a C range intro because. Its thesis is general and doesnt really address the question in terms of PERSONAL RESPONSE or reasons for its ENDURING QUALITIES Eg. .. full of universal themes that can be understood by all people from any walks of life. The dramatic portrayal of loss and alienation allows the play to endure over time

and place because of its universal significance. It does not correctly introduce the title or explain the direction their argument will take. Eg. Shakespeares Hamlet What do you need to improve on this? AN A RANGE INTRO HAMLET William Shakespeares mastery as a playwright and his keen observations of

human nature and its frailties, is what allows him to explore the themes of loss and alienation so effectively in his play Hamlet. The enduring power of this play is, therefore, due to both the universal relevance of these themes and Shakespeares dramatic representation of them. What makes a good intro? A clear and thoughtful thesis statement which

directly responds to the question given. Eg. William Shakespeares mastery as a playwright and his keen observations of human nature and its frailties, is what allows him to explore the themes of loss and alienation so effectively The enduring power of this play is, therefore, due to both the universal relevance of these themes and Shakespeares dramatic representation of them. Understanding a question-Harwood Interpretations of texts can shift and change with

time and place. Considering your time and place, reflect on the ways in which context has shaped your critical interpretation of the prescribed text. In your response, refer to TWO poems you have studied. Interpretations= subjective responses of critics and others Considering your time and place= your personal context the ways in which context has shaped your critical interpretation= show how your context has influenced your critical interpretation

Does this sound like you? In my study of Harwoods poems I have found Interpretations of texts can shift and change with time and place. This can be seen when considering Father and child and Alter Ego. This is a C range intro because. Its thesis is general and doesnt really address the question in terms

of CONTEXT or HOW their response is SHAPED (techniques etc.) Eg. In my study of Harwoods poems I have found Interpretations of texts can shift and change with time and place. It does not correctly introduce the composer, titles or explain the direction their argument will take. Eg. HarwoodThis can be seen when considering Father and

child and Alter Ego. What do you need to improve on this? AN A RANGE INTRO HARWOOD The mastery of Gwen Harwood lies in her contemplation of universal concepts and truths absent from our modern society. Harwood exemplifies the relationships which appear subtracted and disvalued in our contemporary world, the relationship between parent and child, as observed in Father and Child and the relationship of one with their soul, as depicted and explored in Alter Ego. Her themes continue to

resonate thanks to the power of the poems themselves to challenge what we see as important in our modern age. What makes a good intro? A clear and thoughtful thesis statement which directly responds to the question given. Eg. The mastery of Gwen Harwood lies in her contemplation of universal concepts and truths absent form our modern

society.. Her themes continue to resonate thanks to the power of the poems themselves to challenge what we see as important in our modern age. What makes a good intro? May also introduce aspects to be discussed Eg. Harwood exemplifies the relationships which appear subtracted and disvalued in our contemporary world, the relationship between parent and child, as observed in ..and the relationship of one with their

soul, as depicted and explored in What makes a good intro? Clearly linked to the text(s) to be discussed (Introduce these by composer, full title and preferably year of publication) Eg. Gwen Harwood ..Father and Child .. Alter Ego. Understanding a

question- Speeches How is your personal response to speeches shaped by a perception of the passion of the speaker? Refer to 3 speeches. How = identify, exemplify & discuss the rhetorical and language techniques used Personal response = show your considered, personal understanding of /attitude to Perception of the passion = your awareness/understanding of the speakers feelings/ motivation & purpose

Does this sound like you? My personal response has been shaped by my study of many speeches and the passion of the speakers. This can be seen in San Suu Kyis 1995 speech at the Beijing World Conference on Women, Anwar Sadats speech to the Israeli Knesset and Noel Pearsons Australian History for Us All, 1996. This is a C range intro because.

Its thesis is general and doesnt really address the question in terms of HOW their response is SHAPED (techniques, delivery etc.) Eg. My personal response has been shaped by my study of many speeches and the passion of the speakers. It does not correctly introduce the titles of the speeches or explain the direction their argument will take.

Eg. This can be seen in San Suu Kyis 1995 speech at the Beijing World Conference on Women, Anwar Sadats speech to the Israeli Knesset and Noel Pearsons Australian History for Us All, 1996. What do you need to improve on this? AN A RANGE INTRO SPEECHES The passion of the speaker comes not only from their ideas, but also in the way they craft and deliver their speech. Therefore, it is the representation of deeply held views and the ability of the speaker to

manipulate language so that it recreates their passion to resonate with and captivate the audience. This allows great speeches such as Aung San Suu Kyis 1995, Keynote Address at the Beijing World Conference on Women, Anwar Sadats groundbreaking speech to the Israeli Knesset in1977 and Noel Pearsons 1996 speech An Australian History for Us All to shape our personal response. What makes a good intro? A clear and thoughtful thesis statement which directly responds

to the question given. Eg. The passion of the speaker comes not only from their ideas, but also in the way they craft and deliver their speech. What makes a good intro? May also introduce aspects to be discussed Eg. Therefore, it is the representation of deeply held views and the ability of the

speaker to manipulate language so that it recreates their passion to resonate with and captivate the audience. What makes a good intro? Clearly linked to the text(s) to be discussed (Introduce these by composer, full title and preferably year of publication) Eg. This allows great speeches such as Aung San Suu Kyis 1995, Keynote Address at the Beijing World Conference on Women, Anwar

Sadats ground-breaking speech to the Israeli Knesset in1977 and Noel Pearsons 1996 speech An Australian History for Us All to shape our personal response. Improving your paragraph structure A good intro is only a start. Obviously you also need to develop a good argument to support your thesis. The basic body paragraph must: We describe it as having a WHY structure. W= what point is the paragraph making? Make a point

relating to your thesis/ argument H= how can you support this from the text? Give specific examples, quotes & discussion of language/ visual or filmic techniques used & how they help construct meaning in the text Y = why is this relevant to the point made & your thesis? Explain how this paragraph helps prove or support your argument YOUR TURN What do you think are the most important events/ scenes/ ideas or

themes in the text you studied? Which were the most influential techniques used by the composer to get these across? WHY paragraph - Hamlet The loss of a parent can have a profound effect on a child. Shakespeare uses the multiple plot strands to explore how the loss of a beloved father impacts on a child. Hamlet is so devastated by the loss of his father that he is unable to move past it; something that Claudius challenges him on It is unmanly grief and even Hamlet berates himself in his soliloquies through the use of

derogatory terms such as pigeon-livered. Interestingly, many people have equated that stagnation to procrastination and overthinking the situation but as Freud says, he is so stricken with grief that he is physically unable to act. As contrast, Shakespeare introduces other characters that also have to deal with the loss of a father. Ophelia, for example, descends into tragic madness, so poignantly presented in her repeated focus on his absence, He is dead and gone, lady, he is dead and gone. Through the dramatic depiction of multiple reactions to the loss of a parent, Shakespeare has ensured the continuing engagement with the play. After all, regardless of our context, it is a situation we can all connect to. WHY paragraph - Harwood

Harwood explores the innate interaction of man with the morality and intangibility of his soul, a relationship seemingly absent in a morally corrupt world. In Alter Ego, whilst one contemplates it as a yearning of the soul, others may analyse it as a diagnosis of the subconscious. Her poem initiates with a tone of allure and serenity, alliterating the soft who goes sleepless and is not spent, which emphasises the gentleness of the spirit. Contrastingly however, this may also be read with a tone of incantation, as enjambment and repetition, indifferent to any lost or ill motion of mind or will, reflect a conscious effort to conjure up the subconscious self. Be it the spirit or subconscious, Harwood highlights the ambiguous nature of it by juxtaposing her

understanding that its pulse is mine yet stands beside me still. Perhaps it is this yearning for knowledge which encourages her to meet face to face. Through this poem, Harwood implies that it is this meeting of our two selves that will ultimately bring redemption and harmony to our lives. Example WHY paragraph Speeches The passion of Faith Bandler is evident in the construction of her speech. It is not necessarily structured, rather follows her stream of consciousness. This helps me, as the reader, embrace the ideas of the speech as Bandler only

focuses on things close to her heart; valuing the differences of these cultures which make up this country. The inclusive language us, we and our help me connect to the idea I as the younger generation (who) is not present, (have) a hard job to do in order to see reconciliation become a reality. Such elements combine to allow us insight into the passion which drives women like Faith Bandler. Conclusions Then finish of with a strong conclusion which restates your thesis rather

than merely summing up your main points. Use high modality language where possible. Heres an action-plan to help you Do know your text by studying it closely demonstrate a detailed understanding and appreciation of your text consider the ongoing value of the text(s)

to different audiences in different contexts maintain the focus of the question by planning your response clearly connect your arguments to the question demonstrate understanding of the question AND your texts AND the Module demonstrate an ability to analyse and evaluate demonstrate critical engagement with the

text connect the critical and the personal in your response show an appreciation of structure and language forms and their role in making meaning link ideas and techniques make appropriate reference to the text to support your argument and reveal deeper understanding use quotations at key points but don't go

overboard and use too many demonstrate an ability to use metalanguage appropriately demonstrate that you are at least competent in literacy show your own engagement with the text throughout your argument demonstrate your own understanding as opposed to learning mass produced material Dont

fail to read the question closely use critical readings as an excuse for not knowing the text they refer to rely on recounting the plot list readings or productions instead of demonstrating a deeper understanding fail to show how language and structure affect the making of meaning write without planning your argument generalise describe or retell the text

make inaccurate references Last words Attacking this module might mean doing a little a self reflection and engaging with the world. What are your values, how are they shaped by your context and how do they affect your own reading of the text? That last question is important because it is your own reading of the text that the markers want to read. Dont read a bunch of criticism and regurgitate in the exam. Engage with the text and its world, engage with yourself and

your own world, think about the connections between the two and then write about it. YOUR TURN What is one thing you find valuable about the prescribed text you studied? WHY paragraph WHY

paragraph WHY paragraph Hope this helps & good luck for your HSC!

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