Lepidoptera - Butterflies and Moths

Lepidoptera - Butterflies and Moths

The most diverse group of organisms on Earth over 300,000 species # of described species of organisms on Earth

Total 1,392,485 Virus (1000) Bacteria (4760) Fungi (46983)

Algae (26900) Plants (248428) Protozoa (30800) Worms (48000) Molluscs (50000) I nsects (751000)

Other arthropods (123161) Vertebrates (43853) # of insect species in N. America: ca. 90,000

# of beetle species: ca. 30,000 # of families: 111 Beetle structure mandibles antennae

elytra (hard fore wings) membraneous

hind wings abdomen Rove beetles Staphylinidae The largest family of beetles in N. America 3,100 species

Weevils Curculionidae The largest family of beetles (and probably animals) in the world Second largest in North America 2,500 species

Curculio elephas European Chestnut Weevil Weevils can be pests (alfalfa weevil) or

beneficial (attacking invasive weeds) Hypera postica Alfalfa weevil Ground beetles - Carabidae Third largest family in N. America 1,700 species

Calosoma scrutator Caterpillar hunter Ground beetles - Carabidae

Chlaenius sp. Vivid metallic ground beetle Ground beetles - Carabidae

Pasimachus elongatus Bluemargined ground beetle Tiger beetles - Cicindelidae

Cicindela formosa Big sand tiger beetle Tiger beetles - Cicindelidae Cicindela willistoni

Tiger beetles and Ground beetles are active predators Tiger beetles - Cicindelidae Cicindela sexguttata

Six-spotted Green Tiger beetle Leaf beetles - Chrysomelidae Fourth largest family in N. America 1,500 species

Leaf beetles - Chrysomelidae Many pests belong to this family Colorado potato beetle Leaf beetles - Chrysomelidae

Spotted cucumber beetle Northern corn root worm Potato flea beetle

Western corn root worm Scarab beetles - Scarabaeidae Fifth largest family in N. America 1,400 species

Phanaeus sp. Scarab beetles - Scarabaeidae Canthon sp.

Dung beetles Scarab beetles - Scarabaeidae Japanese Beetle (Popillia punctata)

Scarab beetles - Scarabaeidae Larvae grubs Cotinis nitida Green June beetle

Scarab beetles - Scarabaeidae Rhinoceros beetle Goliath beetle the largest beetle in the world

0 8 in Stag beetles Lucanidae

Larvae develop for up to 5 years in decaying wood Darkling beetles Tenebrionidae Sixth largest family of beetles in North America 1,300 species

Longhorned beetles - Cerambycidae 1,100 species in N. America Plectrodera scalator

Cottonwood borer Longhorned beetles - Cerambycidae Dryobius sexnotatus

Six-banded longhorned beetle Longhorned beetles - Cerambycidae Dorcaschema alternatum

Small mulberry borer Longhorned beetles (Cerambycidae) Desmocerus palliatus

Saperda tridentata Elm borer Elder borer

Larvae live in wood Click beetles - Elateridae 800 species in N. America Adult

Larva Wireworm Metallic wood-boring beetles - Buprestidae 700 species in N. America

Metallic wood-boring beetles - Buprestidae Metallic wood-boring beetles - Buprestidae Bark beetles - Scolytidae

About 500 species in N. America Dendroctonus ponderosae Mountain pine beetle

Bark beetles - Scolytidae Mountain pine beetle damage Bark beetle damage

Soldier beetles - Cantharidae About 500 species in N. America Lady beetles - Coccinellidae 400 species in N. America Coleomegilla maculata

Pinkspotted lady beetle Lady beetles - Coccinellidae Pinkspotted lady beetle efficient biocontrol agent

Lady beetles - Coccinellidae Lady beetle larva is a ferocious predator Blister beetles - Meloidae

330 species in N. America Blister beetles - Meloidae PESTS or ALLIES? Toxic to horses may poison hay Natural enemies of grasshoppers

Carrion beetles - Silphidae 50 species in N. America Nicrophorus spp.

Burying beetles Carrion beetles - Silphidae Silpha americana

American carrion beetle endangered species

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