Introduction to Kingdom Plantae - Effingham County School ...
Introduction to Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Plantae - complex, multi-cellular, autotrophic, eukaryotic organisms that are usually green and use photosynthesis to make sugar BrainPop PLANT
CHARACTERISTICS 1. Multicellular Organisms 2. Cells - Eukaryotic Has a Nucleus - Surrounded by a Cell Wall 3. Producers (Autotrophic) - Make their own food through Photosynthesis Origin of Plants
Similarities between modern green algae and plants suggest that both may have originated from an ancient species of green algae. Photosynthesis BrainPop - Photosynthesis -Photosynthesis - the process by which a plant takes
in carbon dioxide and water and in the presence of sunlight makes sugar and oxygen Photosynthesis Carbon Dioxide + Water + Sunlight Sugars + Oxygen - Series of chemical reactions that use energy from the Sun to produce Sugars - Occurs in the Chloroplast
-Chlorophyll - the green pigment IN chloroplasts where photosynthesis occurs - Photosynthesis is important because this is how plants make their food and get their energy Plants also release energy through cellular respiration (mitochondria) Plant Systems
1. Root System - Roots -Brings in water and nutrients 2. Shoot System Stems and Leaves -Makes energy-rich materials -Moves material up and down through the plant *The Root and Shoot Systems are Organ Systems* Nonvascular Plants
Have no pipes to transport water and nutrients. They depend on diffusion and osmosis to move materials from one part of the plant to another. Ex. Mosses and liverworts Vascular Plants Have tissues that deliver
needed materials throughout a plant, much as pipes deliver water to faucets in your home. Two groups Plants that produce seeds Plants that do not produce seeds ferns, horsetails, and club
mosses Plants that produce seeds - 2 Groups BrainPop - Seed Plants BrainPop - Seedless Plants Gymnosperms Non-flowering plants
Angiosperms Flowering plants Groups of Living Plants Nonvascular Vascular
No seeds Seeds Non-flowering Flowering
Reproduction Plants reproduce both asexually and sexually BrainPop - Pollination Asexual Reproduction In asexual reproduction, there is only one parent and all offspring are identical to the parent
Sexual Reproduction -In sexual reproduction, there are two parents and the offspring inherit traits from each parent -Pollen carries the sperm in sexual reproduction Plant life begins with a
CELL: A group of similar cells working together make a TISSUE: A combination of two or more tissues that work together make an: ORGAN
A group of organs working together make an: ORGAN SYSTEM Organ systems working together to create something that can live on its own is an: ORGANISM
Plants role in an Ecosystem Plants are producers they are the first biotic factor in all land-based food chains sun plant worm turtle eagle (abiotic) (biotic) (biotic) (biotic) (biotic) BrainPop
Review Questions True/False: Members of the Kingdom Plantae include: a. b. c. d.
Ferns Flowers Trees Vegetables In which kingdom(s) will you find complex autotrophic organisms?
A. B. C. D. Kingdom Bacteria Kingdom Protista Kingdom Plantae Kingdom Animalia
What are the two products produced by plants during photosynthesis? a. b. c. d. sugar and carbon dioxide
sugar and oxygen water and carbon dioxide water and oxygen Which structure is found in a plant cell but not in an animal cell? a. nucleus b. cell membrane c. cell wall
d. chromosomes Which statement about photosynthesis and respiration is true? a. respiration stores energy and photosynthesis releases energy b. photosynthesis and respiration are the same process
c. photosynthesis and respiration have nothing to do with energy d. photosynthesis stores energy and respiration releases energy What two organelles in a plant cell are most closely related to the processes of photosynthesis and respiration? a.
b. c. d. mitochondria and chloroplast lysosome and chloroplast mitochondria and vacuole ribosome and lysosome
Complex organisms, like plants, are organized in the following way: cells tissues organs organ systems organisms Specialized cells that are similar in
structure and function are usually joined together to form: a. b. c. d. Organs Tissues
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