In the Steps of Jesus - St John in the Wilderness Adult ...
In the Steps of Jesus 3. Worship Sunday, September 30, 2012 10 to 10:50 am, in the Parlor Presenter: David Monyak In the Steps of Jesus Sep 16: The Bible Sep 23: Faith Sep
30: Worship Oct 7: History Oct 14: The Sacraments Oct 21: Spirituality and Prayer Oct 28: Navigating the Church References Series: Welcome to the Episcopal Church. In
Introduction to Its History, Faith, and Worship, by Christopher L. Webber, Morehouse, 1999. Your Faith, Your Life, An Invitation to the Episcopal Church, by Jenifer Gamber, Morehouse, 2009. Glorious Lord Christ: the divine influence secretly diffused and active in the depths of matter, and the dazzling centre where all the innumerable fibres of the manifold meet; power as implacable as the world and as warm as life; you whose forehead is of the whiteness of snow, whose eyes are of fire, and whose feet are brighter than molten gold; you whose hands imprison the stars; you who are the first and the last, the living
and the dead and the risen again; you who gather into your exuberant unity every mode of existence; it is you to whom my being cries out with a desire as vast as the universe, In truth you are my Lord and my God. Teilhard de Chardin, SJ, 1881-1955 This Week: 3. Worship What is Worship? What is Worship? Definition
An act of reverence and honor shown to God reverence: profound, adoring, awed respect worth - ship: gives God what God is due, or worth What is Worship? Definition God: personal
the Creator holy, unknowable, infinite the Alpha and the Omega I AM who I AM worship: our reverent response to the personal, holy, unknowable, infinite God
What is Worship? Foundation Thou hast made us for thyself, and our hearts are restless till they find their rest in thee. - St. Augustine of Hippo (b. 354) Worship is rooted in our: sense of the mystery of existence desire for transcendence, meaning sense of beauty Love of God human needs, fears, joys
What is Worship? Expressions of Worship Worship can be expressed in: formal prayer (liturgical and nonliturgical, communal and private), or in the ordinary deeds of everyday human life that flow from an inner attitude of reverence and honor for God What is Worship? Expressions of Worship
Worship can thus involve language, music, art, dance, all the senses an Eastern Orthodox Divine Liturgy to a Quaker meeting corporate or private in Gothic cathedral to private home What is Worship? A Giving and Receiving Worship involves both receiving something from God
offering, giving something of ourselves to God What is Worship? More Definitions Liturgy is the official public worship of the Church. It includes: the Eucharist, the other sacraments The Daily Office
Prayer is the act of worship in which one enters into conscious, loving communion with God. It can be categorized based on: Its purpose (adoration, thanksgiving, contrition, petition), Its context (communal or private), Its method (mental or vocal; appealing to our reason or appealing to our emotions). What is Worship? More Definitions Meditation is a form of mental prayer, involving an extended reflection on the presence and activity of God.
Contemplation is the simple awareness of, and focus upon, the presence of God. It is not a method of prayer, but a gift from God. Mystical prayer is a form of contemplation in which the mind and heart are directly and powerfully influenced by God. Devotions are forms of affective prayer. That is: prayers that appeal to religious feeling A Sacramental
Universe A Sacramental Universe Quotes Teach me, my God and King, in all things thee to see - George Herbert, Anglican poet Earths crammed with heaven, And every common bush afire with God; But only he who sees takes off his shoes, The rest sit round and plunk blackberries.
- Elizabeth Barrett Browning A Sacramental Universe Quotes To me, the meanest flower that blows can give Thoughts that do often lie too deep for tears. - William Wordsworth Ever since the creation of the world his eternal power and divine nature, invisible though they are, have been understood and seen through the things he has made. (NRSV)
- St. Paul, Romans 1:20 A Sacramental Universe The Duality of Experience Duality of Experience: we are embodied beings existing in a very material world we can feel intimations of beauty, mystery, meaning through this material world (a bush, a flower, a sunset. . .) A Sacramental Universe A Sacramental View of the Universe
A sacramental view of the universe links the two pieces of this duality: the material world is good the material world can be door to the sacred In Celtic spirituality, those places where the material world is a door to the sacred are called thin places Places where ordinary reality and Gods holiness
meets, where the veil between heaven and earth seem transparent A Sacramental Universe Basis Material world is good: created by God in the Incarnation, God freely took on embodied existence, lived in space and time Material world can be a door to the sacred:
God is both: transcendent reality beyond the world he has made immanent reality who dwells in this world and is active in it A Sacramental Universe sacraments, rites There are many sacraments: material objects, or physical events/actions that can be doors to the sacred
We have many rites = ritual physical actions, that express and are doors to feelings, inner realities, meaning beyond the mechanics of the act: touching, embracing another person making love sharing a meal together giving a gift gestures of hospitality and welcome A Sacramental Universe sacraments, rites
Church has defined seven sacramental rites or rituals: Sacraments Two Sacraments of the Gospel: Baptism Holy Eucharist Other Sacramental Rites that evolved under guidance of the Holy Spirit: Confirmation Ordination Holy Matrimony Reconciliation of a Penitent (Confession) Unction (Anointing of the Sick)
A Sacramental Universe Two parts of a Sacrament Two parts of a sacrament: 1. outward or visible part = its matter and/or form. the material object and/or physical action that is the door or portal to the sacred Catechism: the outward and visible sign
2. inward spiritual reality = res heart of the sacrament the action of God on the human spirit Catechism: the inward and spiritual grace The Holy Eucharist The Holy Eucharist The Supreme Sacrament
The supreme sacrament. The highest expression of Christian worship Other names: Lords Supper Holy Communion Divine Liturgy Mass The Great Offering Christ is the founder and minister of the Sacrament Jesus himself broke bread and gave thanks at the Last Supper (Luke 22:19; 1 Corinthians 11:24; Mark 14:23; Matthew 26:27).
Word Eucharist is derived from the Greek word meaning thanksgiving The Holy Eucharist The Matter and Form. The Res 1. matter and/or form: matter: bread and wine form: four-fold shape of the Eucharist Jesus took bread blessed it broke it,
and distributed it 2. res Richness of the Eucharist makes it almost impossible to name a specific grace: it is nothing less than the Body and Blood of Christ given to his people Jesus self-giving The Holy Eucharist Three Facets
Three facets of the Holy Eucharist: 1. a meal 2. the real presence of Jesus 3. a remembrance of the sacrifice of Jesus The Holy Eucharist 1. As a Meal Original setting in a Jewish meal: the Jewish beraka (blessing or thanksgiving) Before meal: host takes small loaf of bread
Blessed are you, Lord God of the universe, you bring forth bread from the earth. host breaks bread and distributes it After meal: host takes cup of wine Blessed are you, Lord God of the universe, you create the fruit of the vine. passes cup round the guests The Holy Eucharist 1. As a Meal
In Israel and ancient world, a meal was not merely an occasion for eating, drinking, but a sacred occasion In ancient church, the Eucharist began as a regular meal; then gradually became a symbolic meal The Holy Eucharist 1. As a Meal Problems with Eucharist as regular meal:
I Cor 11: I do not commend you, because when you come together, it is not for the better, but for the worse . . . it is not the Lords Supper that you eat. For in eating, each one goes ahead with his own meal, and one is hungry and another is drunk. Jude 1:12: These are blemishes on your love feasts, as they boldly carouse together, looking after themselves. The Holy Eucharist 1. As a Meal Summary: as a meal, Eucharist includes:
table fellowship praise and thanksgiving for Gods blessings to us a foretaste of the feast to come The Holy Eucharist 2. Real Presence of Jesus That which you see is bread and the cup, which even your eyes declare to you; but as to that in which your faith demands instruction, the bread is the body of Christ, the cup is the blood of Christ. . . these things are called sacraments for this reason, that in them one thing is seen, another thing is understood.
- St. Augustine of Hippo (b. 354) The Holy Eucharist 2. Real Presence of Jesus Transubstantiation based on Greek view of reality. Every thing has: a physical form or being detectable by our senses: accidents a metaphysical reality: substance
the substance of bread and wine is changed into the body and blood of Christ; the accidents of bread and wine remain, still genuinely there. The Holy Eucharist 3. As Sacrifice Last Supper was likely a Passover meal, a sacrificial feast.
Jesus is the paschal lamb of the new covenant Mark 10:45: For the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many. Mark 14:24: This is my blood of the covenant, which is poured out for many. Luke 22:19: This is my body, which is given for you. Do this in remembrance of me. The Holy Eucharist 3. As Sacrifice
Jesus death on Calvary was a unique and sufficient sacrifice Reformers accused the Roman Catholic Church of teaching Eucharist is a repetition of sacrifice of Calvary Do this in remembrance of me remembrance = Greek anamnesis not a mere remembering but a re-presenting: a past event recalled and experienced so that its significance and power are known and felt as if the event were present.
The Holy Eucharist 3. As Sacrifice The re-presenting of Calvary is not merely a psychological trick, but recognition of a metaphysical reality: The event of Calvary is not only a historical reality in space-time, but also slain from the foundation of the world (Rev 13:8) That is: for God, living outside of time, the event of Calvary is eternally present.
The Holy Eucharist 3. As Sacrifice Summary: the Eucharist is: 1. a table fellowship of thanksgiving and praise 2. a sacramental door to communion with the Christ (= a receiving of the real presence of Christ) 3. a profound remembrance a re-presenting of Jesus sacrifice on Calvary, acknowledging that Jesus sacrifice is eternally present to God. The Prayer Book The Prayer Book
Foundation of Our Denominational Unity The Prayer book is central to the Episcopal church Other denominations often define themselves and find their unity in a particular theologian: Lutherans Martin Luther Reformed Churches John Calvin Roman Catholic Church Thomas Aquinas (The pope in 1879 declared Thomism eternally valid.) Episcopalians find their unity first of all in
worship using the Book of Common Prayer The Prayer Book History 1549: first Prayer Book largely work of Archbishop of Canterbury Thomas Cranmer Each Anglican Church has its own Prayer Book
The Prayer Book Contents The Daily Office (p. 37) The Great Litany (p. 148) The Collects: Traditional (p. 159) The Collects: Contemporary (p. 211) Proper Liturgies for Special Days (p. 264) Holy Baptism (p. 299)
The Psalters or Psalms of David (p. 585) Prayers and Thanksgiving (p. 810) An Outline of Faith or Catechism (p. 845) Historical Documents of the Church (p. 864) Tables for Finding the Date of Easter (p. 880) The Lectionary (p. 888) Daily Office Lectionary (p. 934) The Daily Offices The Daily Offices Offices of Prayer in Monasticism Medieval Monasticism in the West: eight offices of prayer: Matins, the Night Office; also called Vigils or Nocturns (during the night;
~ 12 midnight) Lauds or Dawn Prayer (at Dawn or ~3 am) Prime or Early Morning Prayer (during the first hour of daylight ~ 6 am) Terce or Mid-Morning Prayer (at the third hour ~ 9 am) Sext or Midday Prayer (at the sixth hour ~ 12 noon) None or Mid-Afternoon (at the ninth hour ~ 3 pm) Vespers or Evening Prayer (at the end of the day = at the lighting of the lamps ~ 6 pm) Compline or Night Prayer (upon retiring ~ 9 pm) Offices = from Latin officium divinum = divine service or divine duty
The Daily Offices Offices of Prayer in the Prayer Book First Prayer Book tried to make prayer part of daily life with two offices of prayer: morning and evening Daily Offices 1979 Prayer Book, short (< 5 minutes) prayers for: morning noonday early evening evening
Reflects the biblical image of the church as a people of prayer. Next Week: 4. History
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