Human and Natural Sciences - So how do we know? TOK website ...

Human and Natural Sciences - So how do we know? TOK website ...

Psychology as a Natural Science A branch of science that deals with the natural world Psychology as a Natural Science A branch of science that deals with the natural world Human? Natural? Both?

What is Science? Relevant WoKs

Reason Sense perception Science and non-science

This is the same for the boundaries between natural and human sciences Scientific method... control freaks

Robert Boyle In a typical experiment, Boyle would note the place in which the experiment was carried out, the wind characteristics, the position of the Sun and Moon, and the barometer

reading, all just in case they proved to be relevant. Knowledge Framework Scope and applications HUGE impact on society and culture but

this works the other way too. Science has a funny habit of finding evidence to support societys prejudices. Concepts and language

Many shared concepts and language in natural science (e.g. reductionism, empiricism etc). Each science has its own, often quite intimidating, terminology as well. E.g Neural correlates, neural instantiations, cortical localisations all = bits of the brain

Methodology Historical development The graduate students [in his lab] were made to swallow a stomach tube in the morning and keep it in place throughout the day. Apparently, many of them vomited at first , before they gradually got used to it. In between their

lectures and other activities they would report to the lab where hot water would be poured down the tube, and the subjects would introspect on the sensations they were experiencing. The process would be repeated with iced water. Lets try some introspection ourselves

Compare this to todays natural psychology Science in the past... Much less rigorous standards than today

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