Fun with Magnets - Swallows Charter Academy

Fun with Magnets - Swallows Charter Academy

Fun with Magnets NEETI SANON www.udgamschool.com What is a magnet ? Any substance which attracts pieces of iron

towards itself. And always comes to rest in N-S direction is known as a magnet. What is magnetism ? The Property of a magnet to attract things

made up of Iron, Cobalt or Nickel is known as magnetism. What is Magnetic The area surrounding the Field? magnet in which magnetic force is exerted to attract iron is

known as magnetic field. The magnetic lines of force originate from the North Pole of a magnet and end at its South Pole. Magnetic Field? Magnetic Poles

The ends of the magnet where the magnetic force is concentrated are called magnetic poles. Each magnet has 2 poles : Types of Magnets There are 2 types of magnets : 1) Natural Magnets:

They have low magnetic power. Eg : Magnetite, lodestone. 2) Artificial Magnets : They have a strong magnetic power. They are found in different shapes. Artificial Magnets

Types of Magnets Magnetic Compass Magnetic Substances A natural magnet attracts certain materials: 1. Cobalt

2. Nickel 3. Iron 4. Steel 5. Alloys of any of the above These materials are called Magnetic materials. Properties of a Magnet They attract magnetic materials 2. A freely suspended

magnet always rests in N-S direction. 3. Like poles repel, Unlike poles attract 1. Like Poles repel ! Unlike

Poles attract ! Laws of Magnetism Unlike poles Attract, Like poles Repel Poles of a magnet always

Come in pairs! If you cut a magnet in half, S N S N

S N Induced Magnetism S N Permanent

S magnet N Soft-iron bar

S Permanent magnet brought becomes an near to soft-iron bar magnet N Soft-iron bar induced

In magnetic induction, an opposite pole is always induced. 2 unlike poles facing each other is observed during magnetic induction. Storage of Magnets Using Keepers The free poles near the end of magnets repel each other.

As time passes, the magnet becomes weaker To prevent this weakening, bar magnets are stored in pairs by using keepers 2 pieces of soft iron across the P Electromagnetism

Place the steel object inside a coil of wire (a solenoid). Pass a direct current through the solenoid. A magnetic field is produced on the solenoid. The steel rod is now placed inside a magnetic

field. When the current is Electromagnetism Right-hand Rule. Wrap the fingers around the coil form in the direction of the current flow in the

solenoid. the thumb will point in direction indicating the end which becomes the N-pole. Earth is a big Magnet We know that at the centre of the Earth lies a molten metallic iron

rich core. The outer portion of this core is molten. We also believe that this core is spinning. It is believed that the metals in the core have many loosely bound electrons and that these particles Think of the Earth as having a gigantic bar magnet buried inside.

In order for the north end of the compass to point toward the North Pole, you have to assume that the buried bar magnet has its south end at the North Pole. Magnetization by Stroking (Single-Touch) This method is derived from

applying the processes of Magnetic induction Note the polarities of both the permanent magnet & steel bar that is to be magnetized This form of magnetism gained is weak but permanent

Magnetization by Stroking (Double-Touch) Two permanent magnets are used in this method. Note of the polarities of the permanent magnets & their induced ends of the steel bar This form of magnetism gained is also weak but

permanent.

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