Figurative Language

Figurative Language

FIGURATIVE LANGUAGE O N O M AT O P O E I A Onomatopoeia word that imitates that natural sound of a thing ALLITERATION Alliteration -literary device in which a series of words begin with the same consonant sound.

Example: "She sells seashells by the seashore." Another fan-favorite is: "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers." HYPERB OLE Hyperbole- when the writer or speaker exaggerates for emphasis or effect Examples of hyperbole: 1. Yeah, I already beat that game 80,000 years ago. 2. Nobody listens to that song anymore. 3. Old Mr. Johnson has been teaching here since the Stone Age. 4. Forget knocking it out of the park, Frank can knock a baseball off the

continent. 5. These shoes are killing me. METAPHOR Metaphor- a comparison between two dissimilar things without using the word like or as to make the comparison Example metaphors:

1. The cast on Michaels broken leg was a plaster shackle. 2. She was just a trophy to Ricardo, another object to possess. 3. The path of resentment is easier to travel than the road to forgiveness. 4. Waves of spam emails inundated his inbox.

5. Her eyes were fireflies. PERSONIFICATION Personification- the speaker or writer gives human characteristics, qualities, or traits to an object or idea. Examples of personification: 1. Thunder grumbled and raindrops reported for duty. 2. The moon turned over to face the day. 3. One unhappy icicle wasted away in the day. 4. The traffic noises argued long into the night and finally Cal went to sleep.

5. The angry storm pounded the tin shelter. SIMILE Simile -comparisons between two unlike things using the word like or as. Examples of simile: 1. My mothers kitchen was like a holy place: you couldnt wear your shoes, you had to sit there at a certain time, and occasionally wed pray. 2. The bottle rolled off the table like a teardrop. 3. The handshake felt like warm laundry. 4. She hung her head like a dying flower.

5. Arguing with her was like dueling with hand grenades. UNDERSTATEMENT Understatement -when the speaker or writer express an idea with significantly less force than is expected or would be required to accurately describe an idea. Example understatements: 1. Lets just say that Bill Gates has got a few nickels to rub together. 2. Learning to juggle flaming chainsaws might be a little tricky at first.

3. The middle of the street isnt the best place for your child to play. IDIOM Idiom- a phrase or an expression that has a figurative, or sometimes literal, meaning Idiom examples: 1. Bobs new corner office was just the icing on the cake (metaphor). 2. After eating candy, Billy ran around like a chicken with his head cut

off (simile). 3. The quarter back was running out of steam(metaphor). 4. That new car cost an arm and a leg(hyperbole). 5. Tom said that he changed but actions speak louder than words (personification).

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