Explanation to instructor

Explanation to instructor

SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Integrating gender perspective in existing education and training Senior Analyst, Viveca Rim NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS www.mil.se/swedint SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT Aim able to revise and develop already existing education, training and exercise by including gender perspective.

able to evaluate if their education, training and exercises are fulfilling (incl. operational and other) requirements able to analyse what needs to be revised and make valid arguments on why and how. able to use National Action Plans as a grounds of developing and revising education, training and exercises. NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Why do we need to integrate gender perspective into our military education, training and exercises?

NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Examples Meet operational requirements Improve effectiveness Stated in UNSCR WPS Resolutions, UN and NATO Policies, Directives and action plans Included in National Action Plans and policies (if applicable to your Nation) Included in NATO Bi SC Directive 40-1 NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS www.mil.se/swedint

SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT Requirements of E&T UNSCRs on Women, Peace & Security NATO Action Plan, policies & directives CEDAW Rationale and Framework

NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS National Action Plan, policies & directives SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT Types of training in military context Education

Individual and collective training Exercises National training Pre-deployment training NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS www.mil.se/swedint SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint How do you effectively educate on gender perspective? Recognition of a change in mindset Should remain interactive (with examples)

Practical training events NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Reviewing education, training and exercises Identify your Nations National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325 Identify any other documents and directives that give guidance and tasks to your education, training and exercises Ensure that gender perspective is mainstreamed throughout the courses and exercises at different levels

NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS 8 SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint How could we practise gender perspective in exercises? NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint

Method of reviewing exercises with an integrated gender perspective Gender perspective as a training or sub-training objective? GENAD/GFA/GFPs trained in the exercise? Are there incidents/injects highlighting gender perspective? Are there incidents/injects Training the whole training audience on a gender perspective? highlighting gender perspective? Gender support in MEL/MIL, scenario-building, response cell and as gender mentors? NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS

Content review of exercises www.mil.se/swedint SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT Sexdisaggregated data in the scenario? Female participation as well as protection in scenario and incidents/injects?

Gender perspectives reflecting the situations for men and boys as well as women and girls? NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS www.mil.se/swedint SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT Tips when writing exercise scenarios Information based on

analysis tools Sexdisaggregated data Relevant information for planned incidents/injects is available Exercises with an integrated gender perspective NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint

Writing exercise scenario with gender perspectives Examples of information domains where sex-disaggregated data is often needed: patterns of movement income-generating activities as well as care-taking activities and social activities, access to resources, socio-economical status, political influence, security situation, legal rights and access to judicial system, education levels, social norms and hierarchies, gender relations in relation to religion and ethnicity etc. NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint

Writing MEL/MIL with gender perspectives Think about: - Womens participations as well as vulnerabilities - Focus on men as well as women - Non-traditional incidents as eye-openers - Gender incidents integrated to mainstream events in the exercise Examples of gender incidents: - Visit by high-ranking officials asking to meet a gender-working group - Women showing political agency such as violent protest, detention of women human rights defenders or dealing with women combatants in enemy troops - Terrorist attacks by women - Conflict-related sexual violence with male victims - Women reporting mine injuries from where there is not reported mine field - Illegal checkpoint with male and female child soldiers - Medical care provided to survivors of sexual violence. NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS

SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint What should your target audience know and be able to do regarding gender perspective? How could this be taught? NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS www.mil.se/swedint SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT Focus areas

Code of conduct Men and women have different security needs SEA, sexual harassment, Conflict related sexual violence Internal and external use

of gender perspective NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT Examples E&IT Courses Seminars

Initial training Cadets in the Officers programme Higher Staff training Key leader training More... NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS www.mil.se/swedint SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Practical Example: Swedish Officers education

NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Practical Example: Gender Key Leader Seminar NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Practical Example:

Gender Coach Programme NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Key messages Individual E&T Gender perspective should be a part of mindset Leadership needs to understand the use and importance of training gender. In leadership training you need to underline the commanders/leaders responsibility in implementing gender perspective (lead, guide and facilitate). Every individual soldier and officer needs to be able to detect when men and women might be affected differently by actions or operations.

NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS NCGM NATOs Department Head for RELEASABLE TO PUBLIC Gender in Military Operations SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Key messages Collective E&T In collective training, troops and units should be trained together to integrate gender perspective into their tasks.

At strategic and operational level HQ Staff will be train to integrate gender perspective into their work by individual training, staff training and exercises. NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Key messages exercises Integrate gender perspective into all structures and processes in exercises (when conducting exercises). Gender injects should be part of every exercise. It is very important to include gender related information into scenarios and storylines. Gender should be part of the exercise objectives (when planning exercises gender expertise should be part of

planning from get on). Gender prioritized should become a training objective. Manning is crucial. NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Key message pre-deployment In pre-deployment training focus should be on how gender perspective supports mission, operational effectiveness and tasks in that specific area of operations. NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS

SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Summary Resolutions, directives and action plans task us to integrate GP into our education, training and exercises. The greatest effect is gained if gender perspective is included in the earliest forms of training and education and mainstreamed throughout courses at different levels to achieve lifelong learning. NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS NCGM NATOs Department

Head for RELEASABLE TO PUBLIC Gender in Military Operations 26 Key Messages SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Gender perspective: is a way of assessing gender-based differences of women and men reflected in their social roles and interactions, in the distribution of power and the access of resources. Gender perspective needs to be integrated at every level of education, training and exercises, it is not a separate thing.

NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS Questions & Answers SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Questions? NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS NCGM NATOs Department Head for RELEASABLE TO PUBLIC

Gender in Military Operations 28 NORDICARMED CENTREFORCES FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint www.mil.se/swedint National Action Plan (NAP)

Task ,, NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint www.mil.se/swedint Introduction to the NAP task 09.05 09.15 Introduction 09.15 10.50 Work on the task, identify your own NAP and analyze content briefly. (you can team up with your nationality from other syndicates)

10.50 11.00 BREAK 11.00 11.45 Back brief in respective syndicates 5 min/student and feedback from SLs Discussion and closing comments in syndicates NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint HOW TO FIND YOUR NAP http://www.peacewomen.org/member-states NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS

NORDICARMED CENTREFORCES FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint www.mil.se/swedint Task PART 1: Does your country have National Action Plan (NAP)? If not, does your country

have any other related implementation plan for UNSCR 1325 for security sector? (If you do not find any documents please work with the Finnish or Swedish NAP) What has your country done to implement UNSCRs on women, peace and security? Who are actors responsible of implementation in your country? PART 2 (look into your national NAP or related document): What is stated in the document (NAP or related document, what are the key messages)? Which parts of your document are relevant to you as a trainer? Does your document give you clear guidelines for training and exercises? What are those guidelines and can you identify any training gaps? Prepare a 5 min presentation for your syndicate NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS SWEDISH

ARMED FORCES INTERNATIONAL CENTRE SWEDINT www.mil.se/swedint Backbrief in syndicates What has been done? Who implements? Key messages (outcome, recommendations or guidelines) Is there any E&T guidelines and how can you use these in your work as a trainer? NORDIC CENTRE FOR GENDER IN MILITARY OPERATIONS

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