Blank Verse: Unrhymed Iambic Pentameter

Blank Verse: Unrhymed Iambic Pentameter

Blank Verse: Unrhymed Iambic Pentameter A line of verse with five metrical feet, each consisting of one short (or unstressed) syllable followed by one long (or stressed) syllable A common meter in poetry consisting of an unrhymed line with five feet or accents, each foot containing an unaccented syllable and an accented syllable Macbeth William Shakespeare Unit Objectives Trace the development of the characters

Analyze the characters and their relationships to each other Discuss the dramatic development of the play Identify and analyze Shakespeares use of language and techniques, as well as the the importance of literary elements on the development of the play Why did Shakespeare write Macbeth? Only play set in Scotland One of

Shakespeares shortest plays WHY? Queen Elizabeths death in 1603, no heir to the throne Closest relative was King James VI of Scotlandbecame King James I of England In 1606, King James was anticipating a visit from his brother-in-law, King Christian of Denmark Shakespeare to write Macbeth for the royal celebration (and to flatter the

new monarch) A play for King James Set in Scotland James was a descendant of Banquo and indirectly of Duncan James believed in witchcraft and ghosts James was proud of his ancestry Macbeth took characters and plotlines from Raphael Holinsheds Chronicles of England, Scotland, and Ireland (1587) (Shakespeare took poetic license though) History of Macbeth Macbeth ruled Scotland for 17 years Duncans exiled sons plotting to invade Scotland

and overthrow Macbeth (for the death of their father) Lady Macbeth was the granddaughter of a Scottish king (whose family was a rival family to Duncans) King James (VI of Scotland) (I of England) was a descendant of the Stuart dynastyancestry traced back to Duncan I (maternal) and Banquo (paternal) Shakespeares Macbeth: a Tragedy Tragedy began in Ancient Greeceto teach a lesson Tragic Hero: someone we admire who suffers a great Because, says Aristotle, thats how tragedy gets you to changeby

downfall forcing you to watch the destruction of someone you feel forby making you feel horror and pitythe two key ingredients to any tragic conclusion. Those emotions, says Aristotle, are what cause us to check our own behavior; we have to relate to the hero, or we wont see ourselves in him, and in his error, and we wont learn to avoid that error ourselves. So a hero is also a martyr. Hes someone with a bad quality or twobut its a bad quality that he shares with all of us. And unlike us, he pays for that bad quality. He falls into a situation where, if we were in his shoes, we would do the same thing, and then were forced to watch as this guy suffers crushing agony in order to teach us a lesson. Macbeth

Themes Ambition & Power Cruelty & Masculinity (Gender) Fate & Free Will Motifs Hallucinations Violence Prophecy o o Blood

o Weather Symbols Figurative Language Simile Metaphor Personification Hyperbole Understatemen t Motif Dramatic Conventions

and Techniques Soliloquy/Aside Foil Allusion Use of Supernatural Madness Conflict (Internal)

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