AUTHORS PURPOSE A N I G H T T O R EM EM B ER WHY WAS THIS WRITTEN? BASIC AUTHORS PURPOSE TO INFORM TO PERSUADE TO ENTERTAIN BASIC AUTHORS PURPOSE
CLUES PURPOSE CLUES Explains or gives TO INFORM TO PERSUADE TO ENTERTAIN you information about a topic Presents authors
own opinions, feelings, beliefs Makes you feel emotions (e.g., happy, sad, scared) AUTHORS MESSAGE AUTHORS MESSAGE THE BIG IDEA; WHAT THE AUTHOR IS TRYING TO TELL THE READER FACT VS. OPINION
FA C T = S TAT E S S O M E T H I N G T H AT H A P P E N S, H A S H A P P E N E D, O R I S C E R TA I N T O B E T R U E EX: A lunar eclipse happens when the moon aligns exactly with the earth and sun. O P I N I O N = S TAT E S S O M E T H I N G T H AT I S B E L I E V E D T O H AV E O C C U R R E D, I S B E L I E V E D T O E X I S T, O R I S B E L I E V E D T O B E T R U E
EX: The teacher gave a pop quiz because she got mad at the class. AUTHORS BIAS BIAS = A PREJUDICE, A PRECONCEIVED J U D G M E N T, O R A N O P I N I O N F O R M E D WITHOUT SUFFICIENT KNOWLEDGE AUTHORS BIAS THE FAVORING OF ONE SIDE, POSITION, OR BELIEF; BEING PARTIAL AUTHORS BIAS
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. OMISSION / SELECTION PLACEMENT STATISTICS WORD CHOICE TONE AUTHORS BIAS: OMISSION/SELECTION
OMISSION = the cutting of certain facts and/or details from a story SELECTION = the choosing of certain facts and/ or details for a story Changes how readers think about the story Selective details to support authors purpose Need to read several different sources for holistic understanding
AUTHORS BIAS: PLACEMENT PLACEMENT = the decision of which information to present first, second, third, etc.
More important stories chosen to be seen first (think headline news!) Less important stories chosen to be at the end Within a story, most important/convincing facts placed first Contradictory statements placed after AUTHORS BIAS: STATISTICS BIASED STATISTICS: the manipulation of statistics to change the way we think about them
EX#1: The fundraiser for the school raised only 1100. EX#2: The fundraiser for the school raised over 1100. EX#1: A crowd of more than 900 attended the protest. EX#2: Fewer than 1,000 showed up to protest. Decision of which numbers to present
Adjectives to describe numbers Holistic vs. limited statistics AUTHORS BIAS: WORD CHOICE WORD CHOICE = the authors purposeful usage of words to write about and describe happenings Positive vs. negative words Connotation vs. denotation Word choice creates tone FACT = Frank spends very little money.
EX#1: Frank is thrifty. (positive) EX#2: Frank is a cheapskate. (negative) AUTHORS BIAS: TONE TONE = the authors attitude toward a subject, a character, or the reader Examples: silly, sarcastic, angry, annoyed, proud, bored, etc.
WORDS CONVEY TONE!!!!!!! DETAILS CONVEY TONE!!!!! Tone developed from word choice!
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