13th, 14th, & 15th Amendments - McLean County Unit District No. 5

13th, 14th, & 15th Amendments - McLean County Unit District No. 5

13th, 14th, & 15th Amendments And Their Results 13th Amendment (1865) Ended Slavery But one of the unintended results of the 13th Amendment was the beginning of

Sharecropping. a system of agriculture in which a landowner allows a tenant to use the land in return for a share of the crop produced on the land

Who wants to be a sharecropper?!!!! 14 Amendment (1868) th Gave blacks

citizenship, equal rights, and equal protection under the law Except then many communities created

Black Codes local laws passed to control newly freed slaves St. Landrys Parish, Louisiana

The Black Code of St. Landrys Parish (1865) SECTION 1. - No negro shall be allowed to pass within the limits of said parish without a special permit in writing from his employer. Whoever shall violate this provision shall pay a fine of two dollars and fifty cents, or in default

thereof shall be forced to work four days on the public road, or suffer corporeal punishments as provided hereinafter. The Black Code of St. Landrys Parish (1865) SECTION 2. - Every negro who shall be found

absent from the residence of his employer after 10 oclock at night, without a written permit from his employer, shall pay a fine of five dollars, or in default thereof, shall be compelled to work five days on the public road, or suffer corporeal punishments as

provided hereinafter. The Black Code of St. Landrys Parish (1865) SECTION 3. - No negro shall be permitted to rent or keep a house within said parish. Any negro violating this provision shall be immediately ejected

SECTION 4. - Every negro is required to be in the regular service of some white person, or former owner, who shall be held responsible for the conduct of said negro. Any negro violating the provisions of this section shall be fined five dollars for each offence, or in default of the payment thereof shall be forced to work five days on the public

road, or suffer corporeal punishment as hereinafter provided. The Black Code of St. Landrys Parish (1865) SECTION 5. - No public meetings or congregations of negroes shall be allowed within said parish after

sunset; but such public meetings and congregations may be held between the hours of sunrise and sunset, by the special permission in writing of the captain of patrol, within whose beat such meetings shall take place. This prohibition, however, is not intended to prevent negroes from attending the

usual church services, conducted by white ministers and priests. The Black Code of St. Landrys Parish (1865) SECTION 6. - No negro shall be permitted to preach, exhort, or otherwise declaim to

congregations of colored people, without a special permission in writing from the president of the police jury. Any negro violating the provisions of this section shall pay a fine of ten dollars, or in default thereof shall be compelled to work ten days on the public road, or suffer

corporeal punishment as hereinafter provided. The Black Code of St. Landrys Parish (1865) SECTION 7. - No negro who is not in the military service shall be allowed to carry firearms, or any kind of weapons, within the parish, without the special written permission

of his employers, approved and indorsed by the nearest or most convenient chief of patrol The Black Code of St. Landrys Parish (1865) SECTION 8. - No negro shall sell, barter, or exchange

any articles of merchandise or traffic within said parish without the special written permission of his employer, specifying the articles of sale, barter or traffic. Any one thus offending shall pay a fine of one dollar for each offence, and suffer the forfeiture of said articles, or in default of the payment of said

fine shall work one day on the public road, or suffer corporeal punishment as hereinafter provided. The Black Code of St. Landrys Parish (1865) SECTION 14. - The corporeal punishment provided for in the foregoing sections shall

consist in confining the body of the offender within a barrel placed over his or her shoulders, such confinement not to continue longer than twelve hours 15th Amendment

Gave Black Men the Right to Vote But not women And just because the government said black men had the right to vote, that doesnt mean they were actually allowed to vote: Poll Taxes

Literacy Tests Grandfather Clause You dont need to pay the poll tax or take a literacy test if you could vote prior to the Civil War OR you are the descendant of anyone who could vote prior to the Civil War

Amendments What they did 13th 14th 15th

Results/Ways racist whites reacted Ended Slavery Sharecropping

Black Codes Citizenship Equal Rights and Protection Right to Vote

Poll Taxes for Black Men Literacy Tests Grandfather Clause Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

In 1890, the state of Louisiana passed the "Separate Car Act" Comit des Citoyens (Committee of Citizens) formed and decided to challenge the law Homer Plessy was to be their test case subject

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Plessy was an Octoroon Seven-eighths white and one-eighth black

Under Louisiana law Plessy was black One drop rule Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) Plessy bought a first class ticket and boarded a

Whites Only car on the train When he refused to move to the car for blacks he was arrested Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) The case went all the way to the Supreme

Court where Plessys lawyer argued: Plessys rights were being violated according to the 13th amendment, which abolished slavery, and the 14th amendment, which guaranteed the same rights to all citizens of the United States, and the equal protection of those rights.

Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) The Supreme Court decided: Against Plessy, in a 7 to 1 decision One Justice said, the enforced separation of the two races [does not stamp] the colored race with

a badge of inferiority. This decision helped cement the policy of separate but equal: the policy of forcing whites and blacks to use segregated facilities. Plessy v. Ferguson

legitimized segregation! Jim Crow Stories

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